The differential specificity of chymotrypsin A and B is determined by amino acid 226

Péter Hudáky, Gyula Kaslik, I. Venekei, L. Gráf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The A and B isoforms of the pancreatic serine proteinase, chymotrypsin are known to cleave substrates selectively at peptide bonds formed by some hydrophobic residues, like tryptophan, phenylalanine and tyrosine. We found, however, that the B forms of native bovine and recombinant rat chymotrypsins are two orders of magnitude less active on the tryptophanyl than on the phenylalanyl or tyrosyl substrates, while bovine chymotrypsin A cleaves all these substrates with comparable catalytic efficiency. Analysing the structure of substrate binding pocket of chymotrypsin A prompted us to perform an Ala226Gly substitution in rat chymotrypsin B. The specificity profile of the Ala226Gly rat chymotrypsin B became similar to that of bovine chymotrypsin A suggesting that only the amino acid at sequence position 226 is responsible for the differential specificities of chymotrypsin A and B isoenzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-533
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume259
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 1999

Fingerprint

Rats
Amino Acids
Chymotrypsin
Substrates
Serine Proteases
Phenylalanine
Tryptophan
Isoenzymes
Tyrosine
Amino Acid Sequence
Protein Isoforms
Substitution reactions
Peptides
chymotrypsin B
alpha-chymotrypsin

Keywords

  • Chymotrypsin B
  • Site specific mutagenesis
  • Specificity profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

The differential specificity of chymotrypsin A and B is determined by amino acid 226. / Hudáky, Péter; Kaslik, Gyula; Venekei, I.; Gráf, L.

In: European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 259, No. 1-2, 15.01.1999, p. 528-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The A and B isoforms of the pancreatic serine proteinase, chymotrypsin are known to cleave substrates selectively at peptide bonds formed by some hydrophobic residues, like tryptophan, phenylalanine and tyrosine. We found, however, that the B forms of native bovine and recombinant rat chymotrypsins are two orders of magnitude less active on the tryptophanyl than on the phenylalanyl or tyrosyl substrates, while bovine chymotrypsin A cleaves all these substrates with comparable catalytic efficiency. Analysing the structure of substrate binding pocket of chymotrypsin A prompted us to perform an Ala226Gly substitution in rat chymotrypsin B. The specificity profile of the Ala226Gly rat chymotrypsin B became similar to that of bovine chymotrypsin A suggesting that only the amino acid at sequence position 226 is responsible for the differential specificities of chymotrypsin A and B isoenzymes.

AB - The A and B isoforms of the pancreatic serine proteinase, chymotrypsin are known to cleave substrates selectively at peptide bonds formed by some hydrophobic residues, like tryptophan, phenylalanine and tyrosine. We found, however, that the B forms of native bovine and recombinant rat chymotrypsins are two orders of magnitude less active on the tryptophanyl than on the phenylalanyl or tyrosyl substrates, while bovine chymotrypsin A cleaves all these substrates with comparable catalytic efficiency. Analysing the structure of substrate binding pocket of chymotrypsin A prompted us to perform an Ala226Gly substitution in rat chymotrypsin B. The specificity profile of the Ala226Gly rat chymotrypsin B became similar to that of bovine chymotrypsin A suggesting that only the amino acid at sequence position 226 is responsible for the differential specificities of chymotrypsin A and B isoenzymes.

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