The delivery of genetic counseling services in Europe

E. Passarge, F. Vogel, K. Berg, N. P. Bochkov, A. Czeizel, I. Emerit, M. Fraccaro, P. S. Harper, L. P. ten Kate, J. G. Leroy, M. Mikkelsen, R. Norio, W. Rosenkranz, W. Schmid, E. Seemanová, R. Witkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)


Oranizational forms and the current status of genetic counseling within the health care system of 15 European countries were evaluated by questionnaire and at a symposium, with individuals present from Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. In spite of wide differences between these countries, certain similarities with respect to the delivery of genetic counseling services could be observed: (i) most genetic counseling is done within university institutions or closely linked to it; (ii) governmental support of genetic counseling is developing slowly, and genetic counseling is usually not yet fully integrated into the health care system; (iii) there is lack of qualified personnel; (iv) no guide lines for formal education have been developed, but a postgraduate training period of no less than four years is considered a minimum; (v) without appropriate support, genetic counseling is a burden for research in human genetics; yet, a strict separation of genetic counseling and research activities is not recommended; (vi) on the average, a team providing genetic counseling for about 1-2 million people should consist of 3-4 physicians, 5-10 technicians, 2-3 secretaries, and other supportive personnel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalHuman genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1980


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Passarge, E., Vogel, F., Berg, K., Bochkov, N. P., Czeizel, A., Emerit, I., Fraccaro, M., Harper, P. S., ten Kate, L. P., Leroy, J. G., Mikkelsen, M., Norio, R., Rosenkranz, W., Schmid, W., Seemanová, E., & Witkowski, R. (1980). The delivery of genetic counseling services in Europe. Human genetics, 56(1), 1-5.