The current TNM classification of breast carcinomas: Controversial issues in early breast cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: The TNM is the most widely used staging system for malignant disease. Its seventh edition has been updated in several respects, but there still remain controversial issues requiring further improvement. The current review highlights the items related to early breast cancer. It deals separately with contradictions found in the online resources, those related to the different categories, the stages, grade and finally it places the TNM in the milieu of biological markers often used to tailor individual patient treatment. Although TNM has lost its nearly unique role in assessing patient risk and in selecting systemic therapy for breast cancer, it is still of importance in reflecting the anatomic extent of disease in a categorical way, selecting surgical treatment and comparing similar tumours of different extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-148
Number of pages5
JournalMemo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Early breast cancer
  • TNM classification
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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