The contact zone between the ALCAPA and Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic units of Northern Romania in the light of new paleomagnetic data

E. Márton, Matthias Tischler, László Csontos, Bernhard Fügenschuh, Stefan M. Schmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paleomagnetic analyses were carried out on samples from 19 localities within two different mega-tectonic units in Northern Romania: Tisza-Dacia (11 localities) and ALCAPA (8 localities). The samples cover a range of different lithologies: (1) Late Cretaceous red-coloured marl to marly limestone, (2) Eo-Oligocene flysch sediments, and (3) mid-Miocene (Langhian) tuffite (Dej tuff and related sediments). The Late Cretaceous and mid-Miocene specimens carry secondary paleomagnetic signals exhibiting a counter clockwise deflection of the paleo-declinations by some 30°, while the Eo-Oligocene localities indicate an overall clockwise deflected (between some 45° and >90°) paleodeclination with respect to present-day north. Clockwise rotation postdates the age of sedimentation (Lower Oligocene), as well as (at least partially) thrusting of the Pienides onto the Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic unit, which occurred between 20.5 and 18.5 Ma. Clockwise rotation predates post-12 Ma counter clockwise rotations inferred for the mid-Miocene localities. Surprisingly, the clockwise rotations of the first rotational stage not only affected the (par-) autochthonous sedimentary cover of the Tisza-Dacia megatectonic unit, but also the allochthonous flysch nappes of the Pienides, i.e. the eastern tip of the ALCAPA mega-tectonic unit. Well-documented opposed rotation of the remainder of ALCAPA necessitates a detachment of this eastern tip of ALCAPA after 18.5 Ma. The most likely location for this detachment zone is along the margins of the Transcarpathian depression. During a second (post-12 Ma) stage, counter clockwise rotations of up to 30° affected the entire working area. Regarding timing and magnitude, these second stage rotations are similar to rotations documented for the East Slovak basin, but different from those reported from the South Apuseni Mountains and the Central and Inner West Carpathians located west of the East Slovak basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-124
Number of pages16
JournalSwiss Journal of Geosciences
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Fingerprint

contact zone
tectonics
Oligocene
Miocene
flysch
Cretaceous
marl
tuff
basin
deflection
nappe
sediment
lithology
limestone
sedimentation
mountain

Keywords

  • Carpathians
  • Northern Romania
  • Paleomagnetism
  • Rotation
  • Tisza-Dacia
  • Transcarpathian depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

The contact zone between the ALCAPA and Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic units of Northern Romania in the light of new paleomagnetic data. / Márton, E.; Tischler, Matthias; Csontos, László; Fügenschuh, Bernhard; Schmid, Stefan M.

In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 100, No. 1, 06.2007, p. 109-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Márton, E. ; Tischler, Matthias ; Csontos, László ; Fügenschuh, Bernhard ; Schmid, Stefan M. / The contact zone between the ALCAPA and Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic units of Northern Romania in the light of new paleomagnetic data. In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences. 2007 ; Vol. 100, No. 1. pp. 109-124.
@article{508f35f46acd4f8aa35de8006335f34d,
title = "The contact zone between the ALCAPA and Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic units of Northern Romania in the light of new paleomagnetic data",
abstract = "Paleomagnetic analyses were carried out on samples from 19 localities within two different mega-tectonic units in Northern Romania: Tisza-Dacia (11 localities) and ALCAPA (8 localities). The samples cover a range of different lithologies: (1) Late Cretaceous red-coloured marl to marly limestone, (2) Eo-Oligocene flysch sediments, and (3) mid-Miocene (Langhian) tuffite (Dej tuff and related sediments). The Late Cretaceous and mid-Miocene specimens carry secondary paleomagnetic signals exhibiting a counter clockwise deflection of the paleo-declinations by some 30°, while the Eo-Oligocene localities indicate an overall clockwise deflected (between some 45° and >90°) paleodeclination with respect to present-day north. Clockwise rotation postdates the age of sedimentation (Lower Oligocene), as well as (at least partially) thrusting of the Pienides onto the Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic unit, which occurred between 20.5 and 18.5 Ma. Clockwise rotation predates post-12 Ma counter clockwise rotations inferred for the mid-Miocene localities. Surprisingly, the clockwise rotations of the first rotational stage not only affected the (par-) autochthonous sedimentary cover of the Tisza-Dacia megatectonic unit, but also the allochthonous flysch nappes of the Pienides, i.e. the eastern tip of the ALCAPA mega-tectonic unit. Well-documented opposed rotation of the remainder of ALCAPA necessitates a detachment of this eastern tip of ALCAPA after 18.5 Ma. The most likely location for this detachment zone is along the margins of the Transcarpathian depression. During a second (post-12 Ma) stage, counter clockwise rotations of up to 30° affected the entire working area. Regarding timing and magnitude, these second stage rotations are similar to rotations documented for the East Slovak basin, but different from those reported from the South Apuseni Mountains and the Central and Inner West Carpathians located west of the East Slovak basin.",
keywords = "Carpathians, Northern Romania, Paleomagnetism, Rotation, Tisza-Dacia, Transcarpathian depression",
author = "E. M{\'a}rton and Matthias Tischler and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Csontos and Bernhard F{\"u}genschuh and Schmid, {Stefan M.}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s00015-007-1205-5",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "109--124",
journal = "Swiss Journal of Geosciences",
issn = "1661-8726",
publisher = "Birkhauser Verlag Basel",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The contact zone between the ALCAPA and Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic units of Northern Romania in the light of new paleomagnetic data

AU - Márton, E.

AU - Tischler, Matthias

AU - Csontos, László

AU - Fügenschuh, Bernhard

AU - Schmid, Stefan M.

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - Paleomagnetic analyses were carried out on samples from 19 localities within two different mega-tectonic units in Northern Romania: Tisza-Dacia (11 localities) and ALCAPA (8 localities). The samples cover a range of different lithologies: (1) Late Cretaceous red-coloured marl to marly limestone, (2) Eo-Oligocene flysch sediments, and (3) mid-Miocene (Langhian) tuffite (Dej tuff and related sediments). The Late Cretaceous and mid-Miocene specimens carry secondary paleomagnetic signals exhibiting a counter clockwise deflection of the paleo-declinations by some 30°, while the Eo-Oligocene localities indicate an overall clockwise deflected (between some 45° and >90°) paleodeclination with respect to present-day north. Clockwise rotation postdates the age of sedimentation (Lower Oligocene), as well as (at least partially) thrusting of the Pienides onto the Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic unit, which occurred between 20.5 and 18.5 Ma. Clockwise rotation predates post-12 Ma counter clockwise rotations inferred for the mid-Miocene localities. Surprisingly, the clockwise rotations of the first rotational stage not only affected the (par-) autochthonous sedimentary cover of the Tisza-Dacia megatectonic unit, but also the allochthonous flysch nappes of the Pienides, i.e. the eastern tip of the ALCAPA mega-tectonic unit. Well-documented opposed rotation of the remainder of ALCAPA necessitates a detachment of this eastern tip of ALCAPA after 18.5 Ma. The most likely location for this detachment zone is along the margins of the Transcarpathian depression. During a second (post-12 Ma) stage, counter clockwise rotations of up to 30° affected the entire working area. Regarding timing and magnitude, these second stage rotations are similar to rotations documented for the East Slovak basin, but different from those reported from the South Apuseni Mountains and the Central and Inner West Carpathians located west of the East Slovak basin.

AB - Paleomagnetic analyses were carried out on samples from 19 localities within two different mega-tectonic units in Northern Romania: Tisza-Dacia (11 localities) and ALCAPA (8 localities). The samples cover a range of different lithologies: (1) Late Cretaceous red-coloured marl to marly limestone, (2) Eo-Oligocene flysch sediments, and (3) mid-Miocene (Langhian) tuffite (Dej tuff and related sediments). The Late Cretaceous and mid-Miocene specimens carry secondary paleomagnetic signals exhibiting a counter clockwise deflection of the paleo-declinations by some 30°, while the Eo-Oligocene localities indicate an overall clockwise deflected (between some 45° and >90°) paleodeclination with respect to present-day north. Clockwise rotation postdates the age of sedimentation (Lower Oligocene), as well as (at least partially) thrusting of the Pienides onto the Tisza-Dacia mega-tectonic unit, which occurred between 20.5 and 18.5 Ma. Clockwise rotation predates post-12 Ma counter clockwise rotations inferred for the mid-Miocene localities. Surprisingly, the clockwise rotations of the first rotational stage not only affected the (par-) autochthonous sedimentary cover of the Tisza-Dacia megatectonic unit, but also the allochthonous flysch nappes of the Pienides, i.e. the eastern tip of the ALCAPA mega-tectonic unit. Well-documented opposed rotation of the remainder of ALCAPA necessitates a detachment of this eastern tip of ALCAPA after 18.5 Ma. The most likely location for this detachment zone is along the margins of the Transcarpathian depression. During a second (post-12 Ma) stage, counter clockwise rotations of up to 30° affected the entire working area. Regarding timing and magnitude, these second stage rotations are similar to rotations documented for the East Slovak basin, but different from those reported from the South Apuseni Mountains and the Central and Inner West Carpathians located west of the East Slovak basin.

KW - Carpathians

KW - Northern Romania

KW - Paleomagnetism

KW - Rotation

KW - Tisza-Dacia

KW - Transcarpathian depression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=50149095368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=50149095368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00015-007-1205-5

DO - 10.1007/s00015-007-1205-5

M3 - Article

VL - 100

SP - 109

EP - 124

JO - Swiss Journal of Geosciences

JF - Swiss Journal of Geosciences

SN - 1661-8726

IS - 1

ER -