The climate of the European region during the 20th and 21st centuries according to Feddema

Nóra Skarbit, F. Ács, Hajnalka Breuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The climate of the European region during 20th and 21st centuries in terms of Feddema's (2005) annual and seasonal climate characteristics is analysed. Observed data for the 20th century are taken from the CRU TS 1.2 data set. The projected data for the 21st century are obtained using simulation results of nine regional climate models run in the scope of the ENSEMBLES project. In the analysis, the European region is arbitrarily divided into three sub-regions: the northern (72°–55°N), middle (55°–42°N) and southern (42°–35°N) zones. We focused on the analysis of the relationships between Feddema's climatic characteristics and the main geographical constraints (latitude, longitude, relief and land-locked waterbodies). It is shown that Feddema's climatic maps agree well with the expected effects of the main geographical controls. Climate type/geographical control dependence is very strong in the upland coastal regions of the Atlantic Ocean, that is, in the Norwegian Alps, the Scottish Highlands and the Galician Massif Mountains. A characteristic seasonal-type change can be observed in these regions: The seasonality of P changes through the seasonality of both P and T into the seasonality of T. This behaviour is registered by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. The Atlantic Ocean–relief–longitude interplay effect on Feddema's climate types can be observed in all three zones. The uplands in Europe determine climate on the local scale. This upland effect is stronger when it is combined with the effect of extensive land-locked water bodies. This relationship is obtained by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. Lastly, the area heterogeneity of the European region's climate is well reproduced. The observations and the modelling tools show that the climate became and will become warmer and dryer during the course of the 20th and 21st centuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2435-2448
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

twenty first century
climate
seasonality
simulation
regional climate
climate modeling
relief
mountain
effect
ocean
modeling

Keywords

  • 20th and 21st century
  • climate
  • Europe
  • Feddema's method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

The climate of the European region during the 20th and 21st centuries according to Feddema. / Skarbit, Nóra; Ács, F.; Breuer, Hajnalka.

In: International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 38, No. 5, 01.04.2018, p. 2435-2448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4cab8a27ac774a54903d2d91a66a3c02,
title = "The climate of the European region during the 20th and 21st centuries according to Feddema",
abstract = "The climate of the European region during 20th and 21st centuries in terms of Feddema's (2005) annual and seasonal climate characteristics is analysed. Observed data for the 20th century are taken from the CRU TS 1.2 data set. The projected data for the 21st century are obtained using simulation results of nine regional climate models run in the scope of the ENSEMBLES project. In the analysis, the European region is arbitrarily divided into three sub-regions: the northern (72°–55°N), middle (55°–42°N) and southern (42°–35°N) zones. We focused on the analysis of the relationships between Feddema's climatic characteristics and the main geographical constraints (latitude, longitude, relief and land-locked waterbodies). It is shown that Feddema's climatic maps agree well with the expected effects of the main geographical controls. Climate type/geographical control dependence is very strong in the upland coastal regions of the Atlantic Ocean, that is, in the Norwegian Alps, the Scottish Highlands and the Galician Massif Mountains. A characteristic seasonal-type change can be observed in these regions: The seasonality of P changes through the seasonality of both P and T into the seasonality of T. This behaviour is registered by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. The Atlantic Ocean–relief–longitude interplay effect on Feddema's climate types can be observed in all three zones. The uplands in Europe determine climate on the local scale. This upland effect is stronger when it is combined with the effect of extensive land-locked water bodies. This relationship is obtained by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. Lastly, the area heterogeneity of the European region's climate is well reproduced. The observations and the modelling tools show that the climate became and will become warmer and dryer during the course of the 20th and 21st centuries.",
keywords = "20th and 21st century, climate, Europe, Feddema's method",
author = "N{\'o}ra Skarbit and F. {\'A}cs and Hajnalka Breuer",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/joc.5346",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "2435--2448",
journal = "International Journal of Climatology",
issn = "0899-8418",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The climate of the European region during the 20th and 21st centuries according to Feddema

AU - Skarbit, Nóra

AU - Ács, F.

AU - Breuer, Hajnalka

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - The climate of the European region during 20th and 21st centuries in terms of Feddema's (2005) annual and seasonal climate characteristics is analysed. Observed data for the 20th century are taken from the CRU TS 1.2 data set. The projected data for the 21st century are obtained using simulation results of nine regional climate models run in the scope of the ENSEMBLES project. In the analysis, the European region is arbitrarily divided into three sub-regions: the northern (72°–55°N), middle (55°–42°N) and southern (42°–35°N) zones. We focused on the analysis of the relationships between Feddema's climatic characteristics and the main geographical constraints (latitude, longitude, relief and land-locked waterbodies). It is shown that Feddema's climatic maps agree well with the expected effects of the main geographical controls. Climate type/geographical control dependence is very strong in the upland coastal regions of the Atlantic Ocean, that is, in the Norwegian Alps, the Scottish Highlands and the Galician Massif Mountains. A characteristic seasonal-type change can be observed in these regions: The seasonality of P changes through the seasonality of both P and T into the seasonality of T. This behaviour is registered by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. The Atlantic Ocean–relief–longitude interplay effect on Feddema's climate types can be observed in all three zones. The uplands in Europe determine climate on the local scale. This upland effect is stronger when it is combined with the effect of extensive land-locked water bodies. This relationship is obtained by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. Lastly, the area heterogeneity of the European region's climate is well reproduced. The observations and the modelling tools show that the climate became and will become warmer and dryer during the course of the 20th and 21st centuries.

AB - The climate of the European region during 20th and 21st centuries in terms of Feddema's (2005) annual and seasonal climate characteristics is analysed. Observed data for the 20th century are taken from the CRU TS 1.2 data set. The projected data for the 21st century are obtained using simulation results of nine regional climate models run in the scope of the ENSEMBLES project. In the analysis, the European region is arbitrarily divided into three sub-regions: the northern (72°–55°N), middle (55°–42°N) and southern (42°–35°N) zones. We focused on the analysis of the relationships between Feddema's climatic characteristics and the main geographical constraints (latitude, longitude, relief and land-locked waterbodies). It is shown that Feddema's climatic maps agree well with the expected effects of the main geographical controls. Climate type/geographical control dependence is very strong in the upland coastal regions of the Atlantic Ocean, that is, in the Norwegian Alps, the Scottish Highlands and the Galician Massif Mountains. A characteristic seasonal-type change can be observed in these regions: The seasonality of P changes through the seasonality of both P and T into the seasonality of T. This behaviour is registered by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. The Atlantic Ocean–relief–longitude interplay effect on Feddema's climate types can be observed in all three zones. The uplands in Europe determine climate on the local scale. This upland effect is stronger when it is combined with the effect of extensive land-locked water bodies. This relationship is obtained by all model simulations in both the 20th and 21st centuries. Lastly, the area heterogeneity of the European region's climate is well reproduced. The observations and the modelling tools show that the climate became and will become warmer and dryer during the course of the 20th and 21st centuries.

KW - 20th and 21st century

KW - climate

KW - Europe

KW - Feddema's method

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85036573345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85036573345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/joc.5346

DO - 10.1002/joc.5346

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 2435

EP - 2448

JO - International Journal of Climatology

JF - International Journal of Climatology

SN - 0899-8418

IS - 5

ER -