The chemical potential in surface segregation calculations: AgPd alloys

M. Ropo, K. Kokko, L. Vitos, J. Kollár, B. Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


We put forward a technique for calculating the surface segregation profile in substitutional disordered alloys. The surface internal energy and the effective bulk and surface chemical potentials are calculated using the full charge density exact muffin-tin orbitals method, combined with the coherent potential approximation. The application of our approach is demonstrated to the close-packed surface of AgcPd1-c random alloys with 0 < c < 1. The surface concentration profile, surface energy and segregation energy are investigated as functions of bulk composition. The present results are compared with former theoretical and experimental data. It is found that at low temperature, Ag segregates to the surface layer for the entire bulk composition range. At 0 K, the subsurface layer contains 100% Pd for c 0.4, and somewhat more than (2c - 1) Ag in alloys with c > 0.5. The temperature dependence of the segregation profile is significant for Pd rich alloys and for alloys with intermediate concentrations. At temperatures 600 K, the subsurface layer is obtained to be almost bulk like.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-913
Number of pages10
JournalSurface Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2006


  • Alloys
  • Density functional calculation
  • Palladium
  • Silver
  • Surface energy
  • Surface segregation
  • Surface thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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