In clinical recommendations the normalized blood glucose level is declared as the main target in therapy of diabetes mellitus, i.e. the achievement of euglycemia is the main therapeutic goal. This approach suggests, that the normal blood glucose value is the marker of the normal carbohydrate metabolism (eumetabolism), and vice versa: hyperglycemia is associated with abnormal metabolism (dysmetabolism). However the question arises, whether identical blood glucose values do reflect the same intracellular biochemical mechanisms? On the basis of data published in the literature authors try to answer these questions by studying the relations between the short/longterm blood glucose level and the cellular metabolism in different clinical settings characterized by divergent pathophysiological parameters. The correlations between blood glucose level and cellular metabolism in development of micro-, and macroangiopathy, in the breakthrough phenomenon, as well as during administration of metabolic promoters, the discrepancies of relation between blood glucose values and cellular metabolism in type 1, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, furthermore association between blood glucose value and myocardial metabolism in acute and chronic stress were analyzed. Authors conclude, that the actual blood glucose values reveal the actual cellular metabolism in a very variable manner: neither euglycemia does mandatorily indicate eumetabolism (balance of cellular energy production) nor hyperglycemia is necessarily a marker of abnormal metabolic state (dept of cellular energy production). Moreover, at the same actual blood glucose level both the metabolic efficacy of the same organ may sharply vary, and the intracellular biochemical machinery could also be very different. In case of the very same longterm blood glucose level the metabolic state of the different organs could be very variable: some organs show an energetically balanced metabolism, while others produce a significant deficit. These inconsistencies between blood glucose level and cellular metabolism can be explained by the fact, that blood glucose value is a transport parameter, reflecting the actual steady state of glucose transport from the carbohydrate pools into the blood, and that from the blood into the tissues. Without knowing the speed of these transports of opposite direction, the blood glucose value per se can not reveal the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of cellular metabolism.
|Translated title of the contribution||The blood glucose value not necessarily indicates correctly the cellular metabolic state|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2017|
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