The effect on membrane potential and cell surface charge of binding immune complexes containing IgG1 and IgG2a monoclonal antibodies to Fc receptors was studied in resting and allogenically activated murine T cells. IgG1 complexed by antigen or heat aggregation induced electrophysiological changes on activated T cells. A biphasic alteration of membrane potential was detected by measurement of the intra- and extracellular distribution of the fluorescent dye, DiOC6. A short-lived hyperpolarization, detectable for 4-6 min after adding the respective ligand, was followed by a longer lasting depolarization. The cell surface charge, measured by cell electrophoresis, was also changed. This alteration was detected 2-4 hr after addition of immune complexes and disappeared by the 8th hr of incubation. Monoclonal antibody 2.4.G2, reactive with mouse FcR, induced a similar membrane potential response on activated T cells, but did not affect the cell surface charge. Monomeric IgGs and complexes of IgG2a did not modify these parameters. FcR ligands had no effect on the studied characteristics of resting T cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology