The bifactor model of the maslach burnout inventory-human services survey (MBI-HSS) - An alternative measurement model of burnout

V. Mészáros, Sz Ádám, M. Szabõ, R. Szigeti, R. Urbán

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the construct validity of the Hungarian language version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). A sample of 653 healthcare professionals (420 physicians and 233 nurses and nursing assistants) completed the MBI-HSS. A series of confirmatory factor analyses showed that a hierarchical bifactor model including a global burnout factor and three specific factors of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment had the closest fit to the data, compared with an alternative second-order three-factor hierarchical model as well as to non-hierarchical one-factor, two-factor, three-factor, four-factor and five-factor models. However, only the global burnout factor and the specific personal accomplishment factor explained a considerable unique proportion of variance in observed scores. Our study confirms the validity of the MBI-HSS and suggests an alternative structural model, which may contribute to further understanding of the burnout construct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalStress and Health
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2014

Keywords

  • bifactor model
  • burnout
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • healthcare professionals
  • validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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