A modern magyar biológiai pszichiátria kezdetei: az atropin kóma. Történeti attekintés.

Translated title of the contribution: The beginnings of modern biological psychiatry in Hungary: the atropine coma. A historical overview

S. Gábor Ungvári, Gábor Gazdag, István Bitter, József Gerevich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the authors' opinion modern biological psychiatry in Hungary started with the investigations into the biological mechanism of atropine coma therapy. Atropine coma was used in the period between 1950 and 1975 mainly in the treatment of various psychoses and obsessive compulsive disorder. In a previous communication the method, indications and adverse effects of atropine coma were outlined and the professional and broader social reasons for its eventual disappearance were discussed. In this paper the therapeutic effectiveness and research into the biological mode of action of atropine coma are summarized. Although thousands of patients received atropine coma therapy in the United States and in several Central-Eastern European countries including Hungary, this therapeutic modality is hardly ever features even in papers on the history of psychiatry. This is all the more surprising because initial therapeutic results with atropine coma were favourable and it seemed to be a more safe and efficient treatment than the more widely used insulin coma.

Translated title of the contributionThe beginnings of modern biological psychiatry in Hungary: the atropine coma. A historical overview
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakológiai Egyesület lapja = official journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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