The azoethane‐initiated thermal reaction of isobutene. Heat of formation of the 2‐methyl‐2‐pentyl radical

L. Seres, M. Görgényi, J. Farkas

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Abstract

The azoethane‐sensitized thermal reaction of isobutene has been studied at 526–565 K. The initial concentrations of azoethane and isobutene were in the ranges of 1.40–10.5 × 10−4 and 6.78–26.6 × 10−4 mol/dm3, respectively. From the initial rates of formation of ethane and 2‐methylpentane the heat of formation of the 2‐methyl‐2‐pentyl radical was determined. The result obtained is ±H f0(2‐methyl‐2‐pentyl) = 0.8 ± 2.0 kcal/mol. The entropy of the radical, obtained from statistical mechanical calculations and experimentally, is S0(2‐methyl‐2 pentyl) = 92.8 ± 1.5 cal/mol°K. The results support the high heat of formation of the t‐butyl radical suggested by different authors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1133-1145
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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