The antiproliferative action of a melphalan hexapeptide with collagenase-cleavable site

F. Timár, J. Botyánszki, H. Süli-Vargha, I. Babó, J. Oláh, G. Pogány, A. Jeney

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of the present study was to examine the relevance of collagenase in the antitumor action of a melphalan peptide (MHP) with a collagenase-cleavable sequence. The question was addressed as to whether collagenase may act as an activator or a target in the antiproliferative mechanism of MHP. Methods: Melphalan was inserted into peptides representing the sequence Pro-Gln-Gly-Ile-Ala. Gly of the collagenase-cleavable site in collagens. Changes in growth and collagenase IV activities of HT-1080, HT-29, HT-168, and MCF-7 cell cultures were investigated. Results: The present investigations provide data indicating that Pro-Gln-Gly-Ile-Mel-Gly (melphalan hexapeptide, MHP) is a substrate for both bacterial and 72-kDa type IV collagenases and that in this way it can generate Ile-Mel-Gly (melphalan tripeptide, MTP) of higher cytotoxic potency. Indeed, the formation of MTP was detected in the conditioned medium of HT-1080, a collagenase IV-producing human fibrosarcoma. In a comparison of equimolar concentrations of melphalan and its two peptide derivatives (MHP and MTP), superior antiproliferative action of MTP was seen in HT-29, HT-1080, and HT-168 tumor cell cultures. However, the relatively modest cytostatic actions of MHP were increased when bacterial collagenase was added to the cell cultures. After melphalan treatment, reduced levels of both 92 and 72-kDa type IV collagenases were seen in the HT-1080 cell cultures.' However, the reduction of collagenase activity and the cell counts did not run parallel in the MTP- or MHP-treated cultures; indeed, collagenase activity related to cell numbers showed an elevated level. Conclusions: As the conversion of MHP to the more toxic MTP was detected in the presence of collagenases, it is possible that collagenase-directed activation of prodrugs may be a promising approach for the development of more selective cytostatic drugs against malignant tumors with high collagenase activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-298
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Chemotherapy And Pharmacology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Collagenase
  • HT-1080
  • Melphalan
  • Prodrugs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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