The antiepileptic potential of nucleosides

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite newly developed antiepileptic drugs to suppress epileptic symptoms, approximately one third of patients remain drug refractory. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop more effective therapeutic approaches to treat epilepsy. A great deal of evidence suggests that endogenous nucleosides, such as adenosine (Ado), guanosine (Guo), inosine (Ino) and uridine (Urd), participate in the regulation of pathomechanisms of epilepsy. Adenosine and its analogues, together with non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides (e.g., Guo, Ino and Urd), have shown antiseizure activity. Adenosine kinase (ADK) inhibitors, Ado uptake inhibitors and Ado-releasing implants also have beneficial effects on epileptic seizures. These results suggest that nucleosides and their analogues, in addition to other modulators of the nucleoside system, could provide a new opportunity for the treatment of different types of epilepsies. Therefore, the aim of this review article is to summarize our present knowledge about the nucleoside system as a promising target in the treatment of epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-821
Number of pages34
JournalCurrent medicinal chemistry
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Epilepsy treatment
  • Nucleosides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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