The anti-proliferative effect of cation channel blockers in T lymphocytes depends on the strength of mitogenic stimulation

Zoltan Petho, Andras Balajthy, Adam Bartok, Krisztian Bene, Sandor Somodi, Orsolya Szilagyi, E. Rajnavolgyi, G. Panyi, Zoltan Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ion channels are crucially important for the activation and proliferation of T lymphocytes, and thus, for the function of the immune system. Previous studies on the effects of channel blockers on T cell proliferation reported variable effectiveness due to differing experimental systems. Therefore our aim was to investigate how the strength of the mitogenic stimulation influences the efficiency of cation channel blockers in inhibiting activation, cytokine secretion and proliferation of T cells under standardized conditions. Human peripheral blood lymphocytes were activated via monoclonal antibodies targeting the TCR-CD3 complex and the co-stimulator CD28. We applied the blockers of Kv1.3 (Anuroctoxin), KCa3.1 (TRAM-34) and CRAC (2-Apb) channels of T cells either alone or in combination with rapamycin, the inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Five days after the stimulation ELISA and flow cytometric measurements were performed to determine IL-10 and IFN-γ secretion, cellular viability and proliferation. Our results showed that ion channel blockers and rapamycin inhibit IL-10 and IFN-γ secretion and cell division in a dose-dependent manner. Simultaneous application of the blockers for each channel along with rapamycin was the most effective, indicating synergy among the various activation pathways. Upon increasing the extent of mitogenic stimulation the anti-proliferative effect of the ion channel blockers diminished. This phenomenon may be important in understanding the fine-tuning of T cell activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Cellular proliferation
  • Cytokine secretion
  • Immune regulation
  • Ion channel
  • Rapamycin
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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