The anti-inflammatory effect of methylprednisolone occurs down-stream of nuclear factor-κB DNA binding in acute pancreatitis

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Abstract

Glucocorticoids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs. The molecular mechanisms underlying these effects have not yet been fully revealed. The aim of the present study was to establish whether methylprednisolone pretreatment is beneficial and if it can block the pancreatic DNA binding of the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and proinflammatory cytokine synthesis during cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK)-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. Additionally, we set out to investigate the potential effects of methylprednisolone and CCK on pancreatic heat shock protein (HSP) synthesis. The dose-response (5-40 mg/kg) and time-course (6-72 h) curves of methylprednisolone on pancreatic HSP60 and HSP72 synthesis were evaluated following methylprednisolone treatment. We demonstrated that methylprednisolone specifically and dose-dependently induced HSP72 in the pancreas of rats, while it did not have a significant effect on HSP60 expression. The pancreatitis was induced near the peak level of HSP72 synthesis (2×30 mg/kg body weight [b.w.] methylprednisolone i.m. at an interval of 12 h, followed by a 12-h recovery period after the second injection of methylprednisolone) by administering 2×100 μg/kg CCK subcutaneously at an interval of 1 h. The injections of CCK in the vehicle-pretreated group significantly elevated the levels of pancreatic HSP60 and HSP72 2-4 h after the second CCK injection. Methylprednisolone pretreatment ameliorated many of the examined laboratory (the pancreatic weight/body weight [p.w./b.w.] ratio, the serum amylase activity, the plasma trypsinogen activation peptide concentration, the pancreatic levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, the degree of lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, nonprotein sulfhydryl group content and the pancreatic myeloperoxidase activity) and morphological parameters of the disease. Methylprednisolone pretreatment did not influence pancreatic NF-κB DNA binding, but decreased proinflammatory cytokine synthesis in this acute pancreatitis model. The findings suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of large doses of methylprednisolone in secretagogue-induced pancreatitis occurs downstream of NF-κB DNA binding, and that increased pancreatic HSP72 synthesis may play a role in the protective effect of the drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-227
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume464
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 19 2003

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Keywords

  • Cholecystokinin-octapeptide
  • HSP72
  • Heat shock protein
  • Methylprednisolone
  • NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB)
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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