The alimentary impact of the hemp seed

K. Ditrói, D. Kleiner, A. Böszörményi, K. Szentmihályi, H. Fébel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hemp seed and hemp seed oil can supply us with many important substances. Their essential fatty acid compositions are favourable, but they may contain non-psychotropic cannabinoids. Emerging data show that these components can influence the health status of the population beneficially. Some data also showed trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol in seed oils, the main psychotropic cannabinoid that is contraindicated.Our aim was to examine cannabinoids and fatty acid composition as well as metal and non-metal element compositions in products, like hemp seed oil and chopped hemp seed capsule.The cannabinoids were separated by thin layer chromatography. Fatty acid composition was determined with gas chromatography, and elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Si, Sn, Sr, V, and Zn) were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric method. Selenium was determined with polarographic analyser.Cannabinoids were not detectable by thin layer chromatography, so hemp seed oil, as well as the capsule, have no psychotropic adverse effect. Our data showed that hemp seed contains essential fatty acids close to the recommended ratio. The B and Se concentrations of the oils and the P concentration of the capsule are also relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • cannabinoids
  • fatty acid
  • hemp seed
  • metal and non-metal elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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