The alice experiment at the CERN LHC

K. Aamodt, A. Abrahantes Quintana, R. Achenbach, S. Acounis, D. Adamová, C. Adler, M. Aggarwal, F. Agnese, G. Aglieri Rinella, Z. Ahammed, A. Ahmad, N. Ahmad, S. Ahmad, A. Akindinov, P. Akishin, D. Aleksandrov, B. Alessandro, R. Alfaro, G. Alfarone, A. Alici & 1141 others J. Alme, T. Alt, S. Altinpinar, W. Amend, C. Andrei, Y. Andres, A. Andronic, G. Anelli, M. Anfreville, V. Angelov, A. Anzo, C. Anson, T. Anticić, V. Antonenko, D. Antonczyk, F. Antinori, S. Antinori, P. Antonioli, L. Aphecetche, H. Appelshäuser, V. Aprodu, M. Arba, S. Arcelli, A. Argentieri, N. Armesto, R. Arnaldi, A. Arefiev, I. Arsene, A. Asryan, A. Augustinus, T. C. Awes, J. Äysto, M. Danish Azmi, S. Bablock, A. Badalà, S. K. Badyal, J. Baechler, S. Bagnasco, R. Bailhache, R. Bala, A. Baldisseri, A. Baldit, J. Bán, R. Barbera, P. L. Barberis, J. M. Barbet, G. Barnaföldi, V. Barret, J. Bartke, D. Bartos, M. Basile, V. Basmanov, N. Bastid, G. Batigne, B. Batyunya, J. Baudot, C. Baumann, I. Bearden, B. Becker, J. Belikov, R. Bellwied, E. Belmont-Moreno, A. Belogianni, S. Belyaev, A. Benato, J. L. Beney, L. Benhabib, F. Benotto, S. Beolé, I. Berceanu, A. Bercuci, E. Berdermann, Y. Berdnikov, C. Bernard, R. Berny, J. D. Berst, H. Bertelsen, L. Betev, A. Bhasin, P. Baskar, A. Bhati, N. Bianchi, J. Bielčik, J. Bielčiková, L. Bimbot, G. Blanchard, F. Blanco, F. Blanco, D. Blau, C. Blume, S. Blyth, M. Boccioli, A. Bogdanov, H. Boøggild, M. Bogolyubsky, L. Boldizsár, M. Bombara, C. Bombonati, M. Bondila, D. Bonnet, V. Bonvicini, H. Borel, F. Borotto, V. Borshchov, Y. Bortoli, O. Borysov, S. Bose, L. Bosisio, M. Botje, S. Böttger, G. Bourdaud, O. Bourrion, S. Bouvier, A. Braem, M. Braun, P. Braun-Munzinger, L. Bravina, M. Bregant, G. Bruckner, R. Brun, E. Bruna, O. Brunasso, G. E. Bruno, D. Bucher, V. Budilov, D. Budnikov, H. Buesching, P. Buncic, M. Burns, S. Burachas, O. Busch, J. Bushop, X. Cai, H. Caines, F. Calaon, M. Caldogno, I. Cali, P. Camerini, R. Campagnolo, M. Campbell, X. Cao, G. P. Capitani, G. Cara Romeo, M. Cardenas-Montes, H. Carduner, F. Carena, W. Carena, P. Cariola, F. Carminati, J. Casado, A. Casanova Diaz., M. Caselle, J. Castillo Castellanos, J. Castor, V. Catanescu, E. Cattaruzza, D. Cavazza, P. Cerello, S. Ceresa, V. Černý, V. Chambert, S. Chapeland, A. Charpy, D. Charrier, M. Chartoire, J. L. Charvet, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Chattopadhyay, V. Chepurnov, S. Chernenko, M. Cherney, C. Cheshkov, B. Cheynis, P. Chochula, E. Chiavassa, V. Chibante Barroso, J. Choi, P. Christakoglou, P. Christiansen, C. Christensen, O. A. Chykalov, C. Cicalo, L. Cifarelli-Strolin, M. Ciobanu, F. Cindolo, C. Cirstoiu, O. Clausse, J. Cleymans, O. Cobanoglu, J. P. Coffin, S. Coli, A. Colla, C. Colledani, C. Combaret, M. Combet, M. Comets, G. Conesa Balbastre, Z. Conesa Del Valle, G. Contin, J. Contreras, T. Cormier, F. Corsi, P. Cortese, F. Costa, E. Crescio, P. Crochet, E. Cuautle, J. Cussonneau, M. Dahlinger, A. Dainese, H. H. Dalsgaard, L. Daniel, I. Das, T. Das, A. Dash, R. Da Silva, M. Davenport, H. Daues, A. De Caro, G. De Cataldo, J. De Cuveland, A. De Falco, M. De Gaspari, P. De Girolamo, J. De Groot, D. De Gruttola, A. De Haas, N. De Marco, S. De Pasquale, P. De Remigis, D. De Vaux, G. Decock, H. Delagrange, M. Del Franco, G. Dellacasa, C. Dell'Olio, D. Dell'Olio, A. Deloff, V. Demanov, E. Dénes, G. D'Erasmo, D. Derkach, A. Devaux, D. Di Bari, A. Di Bartelomen, C. Di Giglio, S. Di Liberto, A. Di Mauro, P. Di Nezza, M. Dialinas, L. Diaz, R. Díaz Valdes, T. Dietel, R. Dima, H. Ding, C. Dinca, R. Divià, V. Dobretsov, A. Dobrin, B. Doenigus, T. Dobrowolski, I. Domínguez, M. Dorn, S. Drouet, A. E. Dubey, L. Ducroux, F. Dumitrache, E. Dumonteil, P. Dupieux, V. Duta, A. Dutta Majumdar, M. Dutta Majumdar, Th Dyhre, L. Efimov, A. Efremov, D. Elia, D. Emschermann, C. Engster, A. Enokizono, B. Espagnon, M. Estienne, A. Evangelista, D. Evans, S. Evrard, C. W. Fabjan, D. Fabris, J. Faivre, D. Falchieri, A. Fantoni, R. Farano, R. Fearick, O. Fedorov, V. 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Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Instrumentation for heavyion accelerators; Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings-high energy; Cherenkov and transition radiation; Gaseous detectors; Liquid detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes; Solid state detectors; Calorimeters; Cherenkov detectors; dE/dx detectors; Gamma detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Particle identification methods; Particle tracking detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Spectrometers; Time projection chambers; Timing detectors; Transition radiation detectors; Analysis and statistical methods; Computing; Data processing methods; Data reduction methods; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Simulation methods and programs; Software architectures; Detector alignment and calibration methods; Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Detector grounding; Manufacturing; Overall mechanics design; Special cables; Voltage distributions. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries. Its overall dimensions are 16x16x26 m3 with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS08002
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Detector
Detectors
detectors
Experiment
Experiments
Photon
Heavy ions
Nucleus
Photons
Colliding beam accelerators
Collision
Radiation Detectors
Calorimeter
photons
Physics
ions
Accelerator
Instrumentation
Detector Design and Construction Technologies and Materials
Large Detector Systems for Particle and Astroparticle Physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Aamodt, K., Quintana, A. A., Achenbach, R., Acounis, S., Adamová, D., Adler, C., ... Zuffa, M. (2008). The alice experiment at the CERN LHC. Journal of Instrumentation, 3(8), [S08002]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002

The alice experiment at the CERN LHC. / Aamodt, K.; Quintana, A. Abrahantes; Achenbach, R.; Acounis, S.; Adamová, D.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.; Agnese, F.; Rinella, G. Aglieri; Ahammed, Z.; Ahmad, A.; Ahmad, N.; Ahmad, S.; Akindinov, A.; Akishin, P.; Aleksandrov, D.; Alessandro, B.; Alfaro, R.; Alfarone, G.; Alici, A.; Alme, J.; Alt, T.; Altinpinar, S.; Amend, W.; Andrei, C.; Andres, Y.; Andronic, A.; Anelli, G.; Anfreville, M.; Angelov, V.; Anzo, A.; Anson, C.; Anticić, T.; Antonenko, V.; Antonczyk, D.; Antinori, F.; Antinori, S.; Antonioli, P.; Aphecetche, L.; Appelshäuser, H.; Aprodu, V.; Arba, M.; Arcelli, S.; Argentieri, A.; Armesto, N.; Arnaldi, R.; Arefiev, A.; Arsene, I.; Asryan, A.; Augustinus, A.; Awes, T. C.; Äysto, J.; Azmi, M. Danish; Bablock, S.; Badalà, A.; Badyal, S. K.; Baechler, J.; Bagnasco, S.; Bailhache, R.; Bala, R.; Baldisseri, A.; Baldit, A.; Bán, J.; Barbera, R.; Barberis, P. L.; Barbet, J. M.; Barnaföldi, G.; Barret, V.; Bartke, J.; Bartos, D.; Basile, M.; Basmanov, V.; Bastid, N.; Batigne, G.; Batyunya, B.; Baudot, J.; Baumann, C.; Bearden, I.; Becker, B.; Belikov, J.; Bellwied, R.; Belmont-Moreno, E.; Belogianni, A.; Belyaev, S.; Benato, A.; Beney, J. L.; Benhabib, L.; Benotto, F.; Beolé, S.; Berceanu, I.; Bercuci, A.; Berdermann, E.; Berdnikov, Y.; Bernard, C.; Berny, R.; Berst, J. D.; Bertelsen, H.; Betev, L.; Bhasin, A.; Baskar, P.; Bhati, A.; Bianchi, N.; Bielčik, J.; Bielčiková, J.; Bimbot, L.; Blanchard, G.; Blanco, F.; Blanco, F.; Blau, D.; Blume, C.; Blyth, S.; Boccioli, M.; Bogdanov, A.; Boøggild, H.; Bogolyubsky, M.; Boldizsár, L.; Bombara, M.; Bombonati, C.; Bondila, M.; Bonnet, D.; Bonvicini, V.; Borel, H.; Borotto, F.; Borshchov, V.; Bortoli, Y.; Borysov, O.; Bose, S.; Bosisio, L.; Botje, M.; Böttger, S.; Bourdaud, G.; Bourrion, O.; Bouvier, S.; Braem, A.; Braun, M.; Braun-Munzinger, P.; Bravina, L.; Bregant, M.; Bruckner, G.; Brun, R.; Bruna, E.; Brunasso, O.; Bruno, G. E.; Bucher, D.; Budilov, V.; Budnikov, D.; Buesching, H.; Buncic, P.; Burns, M.; Burachas, S.; Busch, O.; Bushop, J.; Cai, X.; Caines, H.; Calaon, F.; Caldogno, M.; Cali, I.; Camerini, P.; Campagnolo, R.; Campbell, M.; Cao, X.; Capitani, G. P.; Romeo, G. Cara; Cardenas-Montes, M.; Carduner, H.; Carena, F.; Carena, W.; Cariola, P.; Carminati, F.; Casado, J.; Diaz., A. 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In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 3, No. 8, S08002, 2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aamodt, K, Quintana, AA, Achenbach, R, Acounis, S, Adamová, D, Adler, C, Aggarwal, M, Agnese, F, Rinella, GA, Ahammed, Z, Ahmad, A, Ahmad, N, Ahmad, S, Akindinov, A, Akishin, P, Aleksandrov, D, Alessandro, B, Alfaro, R, Alfarone, G, Alici, A, Alme, J, Alt, T, Altinpinar, S, Amend, W, Andrei, C, Andres, Y, Andronic, A, Anelli, G, Anfreville, M, Angelov, V, Anzo, A, Anson, C, Anticić, T, Antonenko, V, Antonczyk, D, Antinori, F, Antinori, S, Antonioli, P, Aphecetche, L, Appelshäuser, H, Aprodu, V, Arba, M, Arcelli, S, Argentieri, A, Armesto, N, Arnaldi, R, Arefiev, A, Arsene, I, Asryan, A, Augustinus, A, Awes, TC, Äysto, J, Azmi, MD, Bablock, S, Badalà, A, Badyal, SK, Baechler, J, Bagnasco, S, Bailhache, R, Bala, R, Baldisseri, A, Baldit, A, Bán, J, Barbera, R, Barberis, PL, Barbet, JM, Barnaföldi, G, Barret, V, Bartke, J, Bartos, D, Basile, M, Basmanov, V, Bastid, N, Batigne, G, Batyunya, B, Baudot, J, Baumann, C, Bearden, I, Becker, B, Belikov, J, Bellwied, R, Belmont-Moreno, E, Belogianni, A, Belyaev, S, Benato, A, Beney, JL, Benhabib, L, Benotto, F, Beolé, S, Berceanu, I, Bercuci, A, Berdermann, E, Berdnikov, Y, Bernard, C, Berny, R, Berst, JD, Bertelsen, H, Betev, L, Bhasin, A, Baskar, P, Bhati, A, Bianchi, N, Bielčik, J, Bielčiková, J, Bimbot, L, Blanchard, G, Blanco, F, Blanco, F, Blau, D, Blume, C, Blyth, S, Boccioli, M, Bogdanov, A, Boøggild, H, Bogolyubsky, M, Boldizsár, L, Bombara, M, Bombonati, C, Bondila, M, Bonnet, D, Bonvicini, V, Borel, H, Borotto, F, Borshchov, V, Bortoli, Y, Borysov, O, Bose, S, Bosisio, L, Botje, M, Böttger, S, Bourdaud, G, Bourrion, O, Bouvier, S, Braem, A, Braun, M, Braun-Munzinger, P, Bravina, L, Bregant, M, Bruckner, G, Brun, R, Bruna, E, Brunasso, O, Bruno, GE, Bucher, D, Budilov, V, Budnikov, D, Buesching, H, Buncic, P, Burns, M, Burachas, S, Busch, O, Bushop, J, Cai, X, Caines, H, Calaon, F, Caldogno, M, Cali, I, Camerini, P, Campagnolo, R, Campbell, M, Cao, X, Capitani, GP, Romeo, GC, Cardenas-Montes, M, Carduner, H, 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Aamodt, K. ; Quintana, A. Abrahantes ; Achenbach, R. ; Acounis, S. ; Adamová, D. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M. ; Agnese, F. ; Rinella, G. Aglieri ; Ahammed, Z. ; Ahmad, A. ; Ahmad, N. ; Ahmad, S. ; Akindinov, A. ; Akishin, P. ; Aleksandrov, D. ; Alessandro, B. ; Alfaro, R. ; Alfarone, G. ; Alici, A. ; Alme, J. ; Alt, T. ; Altinpinar, S. ; Amend, W. ; Andrei, C. ; Andres, Y. ; Andronic, A. ; Anelli, G. ; Anfreville, M. ; Angelov, V. ; Anzo, A. ; Anson, C. ; Anticić, T. ; Antonenko, V. ; Antonczyk, D. ; Antinori, F. ; Antinori, S. ; Antonioli, P. ; Aphecetche, L. ; Appelshäuser, H. ; Aprodu, V. ; Arba, M. ; Arcelli, S. ; Argentieri, A. ; Armesto, N. ; Arnaldi, R. ; Arefiev, A. ; Arsene, I. ; Asryan, A. ; Augustinus, A. ; Awes, T. C. ; Äysto, J. ; Azmi, M. Danish ; Bablock, S. ; Badalà, A. ; Badyal, S. K. ; Baechler, J. ; Bagnasco, S. ; Bailhache, R. ; Bala, R. ; Baldisseri, A. ; Baldit, A. ; Bán, J. ; Barbera, R. ; Barberis, P. L. ; Barbet, J. 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In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2008 ; Vol. 3, No. 8.
@article{b602eb6a60524dbcae7b358f29d67bd9,
title = "The alice experiment at the CERN LHC",
abstract = "Instrumentation for heavyion accelerators; Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings-high energy; Cherenkov and transition radiation; Gaseous detectors; Liquid detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes; Solid state detectors; Calorimeters; Cherenkov detectors; dE/dx detectors; Gamma detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Particle identification methods; Particle tracking detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Spectrometers; Time projection chambers; Timing detectors; Transition radiation detectors; Analysis and statistical methods; Computing; Data processing methods; Data reduction methods; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Simulation methods and programs; Software architectures; Detector alignment and calibration methods; Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Detector grounding; Manufacturing; Overall mechanics design; Special cables; Voltage distributions. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries. Its overall dimensions are 16x16x26 m3 with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.",
author = "K. Aamodt and Quintana, {A. Abrahantes} and R. Achenbach and S. Acounis and D. Adamov{\'a} and C. Adler and M. Aggarwal and F. Agnese and Rinella, {G. Aglieri} and Z. Ahammed and A. Ahmad and N. Ahmad and S. Ahmad and A. Akindinov and P. Akishin and D. Aleksandrov and B. Alessandro and R. Alfaro and G. Alfarone and A. Alici and J. Alme and T. Alt and S. Altinpinar and W. Amend and C. Andrei and Y. Andres and A. Andronic and G. Anelli and M. Anfreville and V. Angelov and A. Anzo and C. Anson and T. Anticić and V. Antonenko and D. Antonczyk and F. Antinori and S. Antinori and P. Antonioli and L. Aphecetche and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and V. Aprodu and M. Arba and S. Arcelli and A. Argentieri and N. Armesto and R. Arnaldi and A. Arefiev and I. Arsene and A. Asryan and A. Augustinus and Awes, {T. C.} and J. {\"A}ysto and Azmi, {M. Danish} and S. Bablock and A. Badal{\`a} and Badyal, {S. K.} and J. Baechler and S. Bagnasco and R. Bailhache and R. Bala and A. Baldisseri and A. 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year = "2008",
doi = "10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Journal of Instrumentation",
issn = "1748-0221",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The alice experiment at the CERN LHC

AU - Aamodt, K.

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PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Instrumentation for heavyion accelerators; Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings-high energy; Cherenkov and transition radiation; Gaseous detectors; Liquid detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes; Solid state detectors; Calorimeters; Cherenkov detectors; dE/dx detectors; Gamma detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Particle identification methods; Particle tracking detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Spectrometers; Time projection chambers; Timing detectors; Transition radiation detectors; Analysis and statistical methods; Computing; Data processing methods; Data reduction methods; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Simulation methods and programs; Software architectures; Detector alignment and calibration methods; Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Detector grounding; Manufacturing; Overall mechanics design; Special cables; Voltage distributions. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries. Its overall dimensions are 16x16x26 m3 with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.

AB - Instrumentation for heavyion accelerators; Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings-high energy; Cherenkov and transition radiation; Gaseous detectors; Liquid detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes; Solid state detectors; Calorimeters; Cherenkov detectors; dE/dx detectors; Gamma detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Particle identification methods; Particle tracking detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons; Spectrometers; Time projection chambers; Timing detectors; Transition radiation detectors; Analysis and statistical methods; Computing; Data processing methods; Data reduction methods; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Simulation methods and programs; Software architectures; Detector alignment and calibration methods; Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Detector grounding; Manufacturing; Overall mechanics design; Special cables; Voltage distributions. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries. Its overall dimensions are 16x16x26 m3 with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=68049148643&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=68049148643&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08002

M3 - Article

VL - 3

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 8

M1 - S08002

ER -