The adsorption and reactions of propyl iodide on clean and adsorbate-modified Mo2C/Mo(1 0 0) surfaces

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Abstract

The adsorption and surface reactions of propyl iodide on clean and adsorbate-modified Mo2C/Mo(1 0 0) surfaces have been investigated by thermal desorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) in the 100-1200 K temperature range. Propyl iodide adsorbed molecularly on the clean Mo2C/Mo(1 0 0) surface at 100 K and desorbed in two peaks at 180 and 280 K, characteristic of condensed and chemisorbed layers, respectively. The dissociation of adsorbed C3H7I producing C3H7 and I started at as lowas 140 K and was completed at 260 K. C3H7 fragments underwent dehydrogenation to propene and hydrogenation to propane. Propane desorbed with a Tp = 280-320 K and propene with Tp = 240 and 310 K. Hexane and hexene were also detected in the desorbing products, Tp ∼ 450 K, indicating the occurrence of the coupling reactions between the adsorbed alkyl species. The desorption of iodine occurred at high temperature with a Tp = 1050 K. Analysis of HREELS spectra of annealed layer suggests the formation of di-σ-bonded propylene at 200 K, and propylidyne at 296 K on the surface. The latter decomposes at higher temperatures leaving carbon on the surface and releasing hydrogen into the gas phase with Tp = 360 and 640 K. Preadsorbed iodine and CO exerted no influence on the uptake of C3H7I at 100 K, but suppressed the decomposition of C3H7I by a factor of ∼5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-84
Number of pages11
JournalSurface Science
Volume516
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 10 2002

Keywords

  • Chemisorption
  • Halides
  • Molybdenum
  • Surface chemical reaction
  • Thermal desorption spectroscopy
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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