TGFBI (BIGH3) gene mutations in Hungary - Report of the novel F547S mutation associated with polymorphic corneal amyloidosis

Lili Takács, Gergely Losonczy, Klára Matesz, I. Balogh, Zoltán Sohajda, Károly Tóth, Ferenc Fazakas, G. Vereb, A. Berta

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Abstract

Purpose: To identify mutations in the Transforming Growth Factor Beta Induced (TGFBI) gene in Hungarian patients with corneal dystrophy and to characterize histological features of their corneal buttons excised during penetrating keratoplasty. Methods: Exons of TGFBI were sequenced in 38 members of 15 unrelated families with corneal dystrophy and exon 12 was also sequenced in 100 healthy controls from the same population. Immunohistological analysis of available corneal buttons excised during penetrating keratoplasty was also performed. Results: Molecular genetic analysis revealed a heterozygous R124C mutation in 18 patients with lattice type I dystrophy. A R555W heterozygous mutation was detected in five patients with granular Groenouw type I corneal dystrophy and a R555Q heterozygous mutation was found in four patients clinically diagnosed with Reis-Bücklers (one patient) and Thiel-Behnke (three patients) dystrophy. Three patients with "atypical granular" dystrophy later diagnosed as Avellino dystrophy were heterozygous for the R124H mutation. A novel heterozygous mutation (T1640C) causing a F547S amino acid exchange was detected in a patient with polymorphic corneal amyloidosis. Immunohistochemistry showed the presence of BIGH3 protein deposits in all examined corneal buttons. Electron microscopy confirmed the presence of amyloid fibrils in the case of the novel mutation. Conclusions: Our results indicate that molecular genetic analysis is required to confirm the diagnosis of corneal dystrophies. We report the first cases of Avellino dystrophy from Central-Eastern Europe. We conclude that the novel F547S mutation causes polymorphic corneal amyloidosis since no other mutations were detected in the TGFBI gene of this patient and the novel mutation could not be found in healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1976-1983
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Vision
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2007

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Hungary
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Mutation
Genes
Penetrating Keratoplasty
Molecular Biology
Exons
Gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy
Eastern Europe
Amyloid
Electron Microscopy
Immunohistochemistry
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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TGFBI (BIGH3) gene mutations in Hungary - Report of the novel F547S mutation associated with polymorphic corneal amyloidosis. / Takács, Lili; Losonczy, Gergely; Matesz, Klára; Balogh, I.; Sohajda, Zoltán; Tóth, Károly; Fazakas, Ferenc; Vereb, G.; Berta, A.

In: Molecular Vision, Vol. 13, 18.10.2007, p. 1976-1983.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takács, Lili ; Losonczy, Gergely ; Matesz, Klára ; Balogh, I. ; Sohajda, Zoltán ; Tóth, Károly ; Fazakas, Ferenc ; Vereb, G. ; Berta, A. / TGFBI (BIGH3) gene mutations in Hungary - Report of the novel F547S mutation associated with polymorphic corneal amyloidosis. In: Molecular Vision. 2007 ; Vol. 13. pp. 1976-1983.
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