Testing a possible way of geometrization of the strong interaction by a Kaluza-Klein star

Szilvia Karsai, Péter Pósfay, G. Barnaföldi, Béla Lukács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Geometrization of the fundamental interactions has been extensively studied during the century. The idea of introducing compactified spatial dimensions originated by Kaluza and Klein. Following their approach, several model were built representing quantum numbers (e.g. charges) as compactified space-Time dimensions. Such geometrized theoretical descriptions of the fundamental interactions might lead us to get closer to the unification of the principle theories. Here, we apply a 3 + 1C + 1 dimensional theory, which contains one extra compactified spatial dimension 1C in connection with the flavor quantum number in Quantum Chromodynamics. Within our model the size of the 1C dimension is proportional to the inverse mass-difference of the first low-mass baryon states. We used this phenomena to apply in a compact star model-a natural laboratory for testing the theory of strong interaction and the gravitational theory in parallel. Our aim is to test the modification of the measurable macroscopical parameters of a compact Kaluza-Klein star by varying the size of the compactified extra dimension. Since larger the RC the smaller the mass difference between the first spokes of the Kaluza-Klein ladder resulting smaller-mass stars. Using the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov equation, we investigate the M-R diagram and the dependence of the maximum mass of compact stars. Besides testing the validity of our model we compare our results to the existing observational data of pulsar properties for constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1645031
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics A
Volume31
Issue number28-29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2016

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stars
quantum numbers
spokes
ladders
pulsars
baryons
quantum chromodynamics
diagrams
interactions

Keywords

  • Compact star
  • compactified extra dimensions
  • general relativity
  • Kaluza-Klein model
  • neutron star

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Testing a possible way of geometrization of the strong interaction by a Kaluza-Klein star. / Karsai, Szilvia; Pósfay, Péter; Barnaföldi, G.; Lukács, Béla.

In: International Journal of Modern Physics A, Vol. 31, No. 28-29, 1645031, 20.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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