Terrestrial laser scanner aided survey and stability analyses of rhyolite tuff cliff faces with potential rock-fall hazards, an example from Hungary

A. Török, G. Bögöly, B. Czinder, P. Görög, B. Kleb, B. Vásárhelyi, T. Lovas, Barsi, B. Molnár, Z. Koppányi, J. Somogyi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Steep, and hardly accessible jointed rhyolite tuff cliff faces surround a Castle in NE-Hungary, at village of Sirok. The assessment of cliff stability required the recording of cliff geometry. Traditional surveying was not possible therefore cliff faces were 3D modelled by GNSS supported terrestrial laser scanner and UAV. The onsite engineering geological analyses included the identification of major lithotypes, joint- and fault systems. For the slope stability analyses field documentation of strength parameters (Schmidt hammer rebound values) and laboratory analyses of rhyolite tuff samples were also made. Mass parameters (densities), ultrasonic pulse velocity, water absorption, uniaxial compressive strength, tensile strength and modulus of elasticity were measured in dry and water saturated samples under laboratory conditions. Strength parameters were calculated by using Rocscience RockLab software, in addition to GSI values. The global cliff face stability was calculated by using the obtained slope geometries and applying Rocscience Phase 2 software. The stability of smaller sections of cliff faces was evaluated by using joint system data obtained in the field and calculated by Dips software. Both wedge failure and planar slip surfaces were analysed. The complex engineering geological and geodetic survey allows the identification of potentially hazardous cliff faces and the design of cliff face stabilisation (i.e. rock bolts, supporting structures). The present paper demonstrates the applicability of terrestrial laser scanner and drones in slope stability assessment, especially when hardly accessible cliff faces are present.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016
PublisherInternational Society for Rock Mechanics
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781138032651
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
EventISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016 - Urgup, Turkey
Duration: Aug 29 2016Aug 31 2016

Publication series

NameISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016


ConferenceISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Török, A., Bögöly, G., Czinder, B., Görög, P., Kleb, B., Vásárhelyi, B., Lovas, T., Barsi, Molnár, B., Koppányi, Z., & Somogyi, J. (2016). Terrestrial laser scanner aided survey and stability analyses of rhyolite tuff cliff faces with potential rock-fall hazards, an example from Hungary. In ISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016 (pp. 877-881). (ISRM International Symposium - EUROCK 2016). International Society for Rock Mechanics.