Ternary eutectic dendrites

Pattern formation and scaling properties

László Rátkai, Attila Szállás, T. Pusztai, Tetsuo Mohri, László Gránásy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extending previous work [Pusztai et al., Phys. Rev. E 87, 032401 (2013)], we have studied the formation of eutectic dendrites in a model ternary system within the framework of the phase-field theory. We have mapped out the domain in which two-phase dendritic structures grow. With increasing pulling velocity, the following sequence of growth morphologies is observed: flat front lamellae → eutectic colonies → eutectic dendrites → dendrites with target pattern → partitionless dendrites → partitionless flat front. We confirm that the two-phase and one-phase dendrites have similar forms and display a similar scaling of the dendrite tip radius with the interface free energy. It is also found that the possible eutectic patterns include the target pattern, and single- and multiarm spirals, of which the thermal fluctuations choose. The most probable number of spiral arms increases with increasing tip radius and with decreasing kinetic anisotropy. Our numerical simulations confirm that in agreement with the assumptions of a recent analysis of two-phase dendrites [Akamatsu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 105502 (2014)], the Jackson-Hunt scaling of the eutectic wavelength with pulling velocity is obeyed in the parameter domain explored, and that the natural eutectic wavelength is proportional to the tip radius of the two-phase dendrites. Finally, we find that it is very difficult/virtually impossible to form spiraling two-phase dendrites without anisotropy, an observation that seems to contradict the expectations of Akamatsu et al. Yet, it cannot be excluded that in isotropic systems, two-phase dendrites are rare events difficult to observe in simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154501
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume142
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 21 2015

Fingerprint

Dendrites (metallography)
dendrites
eutectics
Eutectics
scaling
Anisotropy
pulling
Wavelength
radii
Ternary systems
Free energy
binary systems (materials)
anisotropy
lamella
ternary systems
Kinetics
wavelengths
Computer simulation
simulation
free energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Ternary eutectic dendrites : Pattern formation and scaling properties. / Rátkai, László; Szállás, Attila; Pusztai, T.; Mohri, Tetsuo; Gránásy, László.

In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 142, No. 15, 154501, 21.04.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rátkai, László ; Szállás, Attila ; Pusztai, T. ; Mohri, Tetsuo ; Gránásy, László. / Ternary eutectic dendrites : Pattern formation and scaling properties. In: The Journal of Chemical Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 142, No. 15.
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