Tensile mechanical and perforation impact behavior of all-PP composites containing random PP copolymer as matrix and stretched PP homopolymer as reinforcement: Effect of β nucleation of the matrix

T. N. Abraham, S. D. Wanjale, T. Bárány, J. Karger-Kocsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All polypropylene (all-PP) composites were manufactured by exploiting the polymorphic forms of PP, in which alpha (α)-PP homopolymer tapes worked as reinforcement and β-nucleated random PP copolymer (β-rPP) as matrix. Both unidirectional (UD) and cross-ply (CP) laminates were prepared by tape winding technology combined with a film stacking method followed by hot pressing. To study the efficacy of using β-rPP as matrix, all-PP composites were also prepared with α-PP tape as reinforcement and alpha random PP copolymer (α-rPP) as matrix and their properties were compared. The mechanical performance of the composites was investigated by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), static flexure and dynamic impact tests. The volume fractions of the reinforcement and the void content were estimated by using optical microscope images. Both the DMTA and the static flexural bending tests revealed that the α-PP tape acted as a more effective reinforcement for the β-rPP matrix than for the α-rPP, especially for all-PP composites of UD lay-up. The perforation impact properties were determined from instrumented falling weight impact (IFWI) tests, performed at room temperature. It was found that transcrystalline layer is responsible for the stress transfer from the β-rPP matrix to the α-PP reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-668
Number of pages7
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Homopolymerization
Reinforcement
Nucleation
Copolymers
Tapes
Composite materials
Thermoanalysis
Bending tests
Hot pressing
Laminates
Volume fraction
Microscopes
Temperature

Keywords

  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B. Impact behaviour
  • B. Microstructures
  • D. Optical microscopy physical methods of analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Tensile mechanical and perforation impact behavior of all-PP composites containing random PP copolymer as matrix and stretched PP homopolymer as reinforcement: Effect of β nucleation of the matrix",
abstract = "All polypropylene (all-PP) composites were manufactured by exploiting the polymorphic forms of PP, in which alpha (α)-PP homopolymer tapes worked as reinforcement and β-nucleated random PP copolymer (β-rPP) as matrix. Both unidirectional (UD) and cross-ply (CP) laminates were prepared by tape winding technology combined with a film stacking method followed by hot pressing. To study the efficacy of using β-rPP as matrix, all-PP composites were also prepared with α-PP tape as reinforcement and alpha random PP copolymer (α-rPP) as matrix and their properties were compared. The mechanical performance of the composites was investigated by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), static flexure and dynamic impact tests. The volume fractions of the reinforcement and the void content were estimated by using optical microscope images. Both the DMTA and the static flexural bending tests revealed that the α-PP tape acted as a more effective reinforcement for the β-rPP matrix than for the α-rPP, especially for all-PP composites of UD lay-up. The perforation impact properties were determined from instrumented falling weight impact (IFWI) tests, performed at room temperature. It was found that transcrystalline layer is responsible for the stress transfer from the β-rPP matrix to the α-PP reinforcement.",
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T1 - Tensile mechanical and perforation impact behavior of all-PP composites containing random PP copolymer as matrix and stretched PP homopolymer as reinforcement

T2 - Effect of β nucleation of the matrix

AU - Abraham, T. N.

AU - Wanjale, S. D.

AU - Bárány, T.

AU - Karger-Kocsis, J.

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AB - All polypropylene (all-PP) composites were manufactured by exploiting the polymorphic forms of PP, in which alpha (α)-PP homopolymer tapes worked as reinforcement and β-nucleated random PP copolymer (β-rPP) as matrix. Both unidirectional (UD) and cross-ply (CP) laminates were prepared by tape winding technology combined with a film stacking method followed by hot pressing. To study the efficacy of using β-rPP as matrix, all-PP composites were also prepared with α-PP tape as reinforcement and alpha random PP copolymer (α-rPP) as matrix and their properties were compared. The mechanical performance of the composites was investigated by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), static flexure and dynamic impact tests. The volume fractions of the reinforcement and the void content were estimated by using optical microscope images. Both the DMTA and the static flexural bending tests revealed that the α-PP tape acted as a more effective reinforcement for the β-rPP matrix than for the α-rPP, especially for all-PP composites of UD lay-up. The perforation impact properties were determined from instrumented falling weight impact (IFWI) tests, performed at room temperature. It was found that transcrystalline layer is responsible for the stress transfer from the β-rPP matrix to the α-PP reinforcement.

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