Tensile Fracture and Failure Behavior of Technical Flax Fibers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The apparent tensile strength of technical flax fibers was determined in single-fiber tests at various clamping lengths (20, 40, and 80 mm) and the outcome was compared with literature data. It was demonstrated that the strength of flax at each clamping length obeyed the two-parameter Weibull model. The failure mode and sequence were studied in situ (i.e., during loading) by SEM and acoustic emission (AE). The failure sequence (axial splitting of the technical fiber along its elementary constituents, radial cracking of the elementary fibers, multiple fracture of the elementary fibers) concluded reflected the hierarchical build-up of the flax bast fibers. To the above failure events AE amplitude ranges were assigned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3638-3645
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume90
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2003

Fingerprint

Flax
Fibers
Acoustic emissions
Bast fibers
Failure modes
Tensile strength
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Acoustic emission
  • Biofibers
  • Failure
  • Fracture
  • Weibull distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Tensile Fracture and Failure Behavior of Technical Flax Fibers. / Romhány, G.; Karger-Kocsis, J.; Czigány, T.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 90, No. 13, 21.10.2003, p. 3638-3645.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{66189064de574a368bef17b94cf47930,
title = "Tensile Fracture and Failure Behavior of Technical Flax Fibers",
abstract = "The apparent tensile strength of technical flax fibers was determined in single-fiber tests at various clamping lengths (20, 40, and 80 mm) and the outcome was compared with literature data. It was demonstrated that the strength of flax at each clamping length obeyed the two-parameter Weibull model. The failure mode and sequence were studied in situ (i.e., during loading) by SEM and acoustic emission (AE). The failure sequence (axial splitting of the technical fiber along its elementary constituents, radial cracking of the elementary fibers, multiple fracture of the elementary fibers) concluded reflected the hierarchical build-up of the flax bast fibers. To the above failure events AE amplitude ranges were assigned.",
keywords = "Acoustic emission, Biofibers, Failure, Fracture, Weibull distribution",
author = "G. Romh{\'a}ny and J. Karger-Kocsis and T. Czig{\'a}ny",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1002/app.13110",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "3638--3645",
journal = "Journal of Applied Polymer Science",
issn = "0021-8995",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tensile Fracture and Failure Behavior of Technical Flax Fibers

AU - Romhány, G.

AU - Karger-Kocsis, J.

AU - Czigány, T.

PY - 2003/10/21

Y1 - 2003/10/21

N2 - The apparent tensile strength of technical flax fibers was determined in single-fiber tests at various clamping lengths (20, 40, and 80 mm) and the outcome was compared with literature data. It was demonstrated that the strength of flax at each clamping length obeyed the two-parameter Weibull model. The failure mode and sequence were studied in situ (i.e., during loading) by SEM and acoustic emission (AE). The failure sequence (axial splitting of the technical fiber along its elementary constituents, radial cracking of the elementary fibers, multiple fracture of the elementary fibers) concluded reflected the hierarchical build-up of the flax bast fibers. To the above failure events AE amplitude ranges were assigned.

AB - The apparent tensile strength of technical flax fibers was determined in single-fiber tests at various clamping lengths (20, 40, and 80 mm) and the outcome was compared with literature data. It was demonstrated that the strength of flax at each clamping length obeyed the two-parameter Weibull model. The failure mode and sequence were studied in situ (i.e., during loading) by SEM and acoustic emission (AE). The failure sequence (axial splitting of the technical fiber along its elementary constituents, radial cracking of the elementary fibers, multiple fracture of the elementary fibers) concluded reflected the hierarchical build-up of the flax bast fibers. To the above failure events AE amplitude ranges were assigned.

KW - Acoustic emission

KW - Biofibers

KW - Failure

KW - Fracture

KW - Weibull distribution

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0242579201&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0242579201&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/app.13110

DO - 10.1002/app.13110

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0242579201

VL - 90

SP - 3638

EP - 3645

JO - Journal of Applied Polymer Science

JF - Journal of Applied Polymer Science

SN - 0021-8995

IS - 13

ER -