Tendency model-based improvement of the slave loop in cascade temperature control of batch process units

János Madár, F. Szeifert, Lajos Nagy, Tibor Chován, J. Abonyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the fine chemical industry, the batch or fed-batch reactor functions as the heart of the transformation process. Due to the complexity of chemical synthesis, the control of these reactors remains a problem of temperature control commonly performed indirectly via the jacket of the reactor. This results in a cascade control scheme based on the control a secondary, more responsive process that influences the main process. This control loop is often referred to as the slave loop of the process. This paper highlights that the slave process of batch process units, i.e. the jacket of the reactor, can have more complex dynamics than the master loop has; and very often this could be the reason for the non-satisfying control performance. Since the slave process is determined by the mechanical construction of the unit, the above mentioned problem can be effectively handled by a model-based controller designed using an appropriate nonlinear tendency model. The presented analysis shows that the complex dynamics of the slave process can be decomposed into static nonlinear and dynamic linear parts. This decomposition is beneficial since it allows the effective incorporation of the resulted tendency model into nonlinear model-based control algorithms. Real-time control results show that the proposed methodology gives superior control performance over the widely applied cascade PID-PID control scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-744
Number of pages8
JournalComputers and Chemical Engineering
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2004

Fingerprint

Temperature control
Chemical reactions
Three term control systems
Real time control
Batch reactors
Chemical industry
Decomposition
Controllers

Keywords

  • Batch process
  • Cascade
  • Slave loop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Tendency model-based improvement of the slave loop in cascade temperature control of batch process units. / Madár, János; Szeifert, F.; Nagy, Lajos; Chován, Tibor; Abonyi, J.

In: Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 5, 15.05.2004, p. 737-744.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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