Temporal lobe epilepsy causes selective changes in mu opioid and nociceptin receptor binding and functional coupling to G-proteins in human temporal neocortex

Luisa Rocha, Sandra Orozco-Suarez, Mario Alonso-Vanegas, Juana Villeda-Hernandez, Andres Gaona, Eszter Páldy, Sandor Benyhe, Anna Borsodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is no information concerning signal transduction mechanisms downstream of the opioid/nociceptin receptors in the human epileptic brain. The aim of this work was to evaluate the level of G-proteins activation mediated by DAMGO (a mu receptor selective peptide) and nociceptin, and the binding to mu and nociceptin (NOP) receptors and adenylyl cyclase (AC) in neocortex of patients with pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy. Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy associated with mesial sclerosis (MTLE) or secondary to tumor or vascular lesion showed enhanced [3H]DAMGO and [3H]forskolin binding, lower DAMGO-stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding and no significant changes in nociceptin-stimulated G-protein. [3H]Nociceptin binding was lower in patients with MTLE. Age of seizure onset correlated positively with [3H]DAMGO binding and DAMGO-stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding, whereas epilepsy duration correlated negatively with [3H]DAMGO and [3H]nociceptin binding, and positively with [3H]forskolin binding. In conclusion, our present data obtained from neocortex of epileptic patients provide strong evidence that a) temporal lobe epilepsy is associated with alterations in mu opioid and NOP receptor binding and signal transduction mechanisms downstream of these receptors, and b) clinical aspects may play an important role on these receptor changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-473
Number of pages8
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Adenylyl cyclase
  • G-protein
  • Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Mu opiod receptor
  • Neocortex
  • Nociceptin receptor
  • [S]GTPγS binding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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