We measured two-dimensional electronic spectra of light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) at various temperatures (77, 110, 150, 230, and 295 K) under conditions free from singlet-singlet annihilation. We elucidated the temperature-dependent excitation energy transfer dynamics in the Chl a manifold of LHCII. Global analysis revealed that the dynamics can be summarized in distinct time scales from 200 fs up to 15 ps. While the fastest dynamics with a decay time of ∼0.2-0.3 ps are relatively temperature-independent, the lifetimes and relative contributions of slower components showed considerable temperature dependence. The slowest time scale of equilibration with the lowest-energy Chl a increased from ∼5 ps at 295 K to ∼15 ps at 77 K. The final excited state is independent of initial excitation at 230 K and above, whereas static energy disorder is apparent at lower temperatures. A clear temperature dependence of uphill energy transfer processes was also discerned, which is consistent with the detailed-balance condition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry