Temperaments mediate suicide risk and psychopathology among patients with bipolar disorders

Maurizio Pompili, Z. Ríhmer, Hagop Akiskal, Mario Amore, X. Gonda, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Giulio Perugi, Gianluca Serafini, Ludovica Telesforo, Roberto Tatarelli, Paolo Girardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several studies have demonstrated that bipolar II (BD-II) disorder represents a quite common, distinct form of major mood disorders that should be separated from bipolar I (BD-I) disorder. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess temperament and clinical differences between patients with BD-I and BD-II disorders and to assess whether temperament traits are good predictors of hopelessness in patients with bipolar disorder, a variable highly associated with suicidal behavior and ideation. Method: Participants were 216 consecutive inpatients (97 men and 119 women) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), BD who were admitted to the Sant'Andrea Hospital's psychiatric ward in Rome (Italy). Patients completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), and the Gotland Scale of Male Depression. Results: Patients with BD-II had higher scores on the BHS (9.78 ± 5.37 vs 6.87 ± 4.69; t 143.59 = -3.94; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-285
Number of pages6
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

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Temperament
Psychopathology
Bipolar Disorder
Suicide
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Suicidal Ideation
Psychiatric Hospitals
Paris
Mood Disorders
Italy
Inpatients
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Temperaments mediate suicide risk and psychopathology among patients with bipolar disorders. / Pompili, Maurizio; Ríhmer, Z.; Akiskal, Hagop; Amore, Mario; Gonda, X.; Innamorati, Marco; Lester, David; Perugi, Giulio; Serafini, Gianluca; Telesforo, Ludovica; Tatarelli, Roberto; Girardi, Paolo.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 53, No. 3, 04.2012, p. 280-285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pompili, M, Ríhmer, Z, Akiskal, H, Amore, M, Gonda, X, Innamorati, M, Lester, D, Perugi, G, Serafini, G, Telesforo, L, Tatarelli, R & Girardi, P 2012, 'Temperaments mediate suicide risk and psychopathology among patients with bipolar disorders', Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 280-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.04.004
Pompili, Maurizio ; Ríhmer, Z. ; Akiskal, Hagop ; Amore, Mario ; Gonda, X. ; Innamorati, Marco ; Lester, David ; Perugi, Giulio ; Serafini, Gianluca ; Telesforo, Ludovica ; Tatarelli, Roberto ; Girardi, Paolo. / Temperaments mediate suicide risk and psychopathology among patients with bipolar disorders. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2012 ; Vol. 53, No. 3. pp. 280-285.
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