Technological quality of field grown transgenic lines of commercial wheat cultivars expressing the 1Ax1 HMW glutenin subunit gene

M. Rakszegi, G. Pastori, H. D. Jones, F. Békés, B. Butow, L. Láng, Z. Bedo, P. R. Shewry

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Abstract

Ten transgenic lines were studied which expressed a transgene encoding HMW subunit 1Ax1 in three elite spring wheat cultivars: Imp, Canon and Cadenza. These lines contained one to five copies of the transgene and the 1Ax1 subunit was expressed as 1-20% of the total glutenin protein. These lines were grown in field trials in a continental, arid climate (Martonvásár, Hungary) over two years (2004, 2005). The expression of the transgenes and their effects on the grain properties were stably inherited over the two years. Significant differences in yield were observed between three of the transgenic lines and the original genotypes, but no differences were found in their adaptiveness. Clear differences were found in the technological and rheological properties of four lines, with all the parameters characterising dough strength and extensibility (GI, W, G, Re, Ext, A) changing significantly. These differences were associated with increases in the ratio of HMW/LMW subunits and decreases in the ratios of 1Dx/1Dy and 1Bx/1By subunits. Two transgenic lines of cv Imp had high over-expression of the 1Ax1 subunit which in one line resulted in an overstrong type of dough, similar to that described previously for lines over-expressing HMW subunit 1Dx5. Transformation of cvs. Canon and Cadenza resulted in two lines with increased dough stability due to the significantly improved gluten quality. It is concluded that significant changes in the structure of the glutenin polymers caused by the altered ratio of x-type to y-type HMW subunits led to the changes in flour functional properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-321
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2008

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Keywords

  • 1Ax1 HMW glutenin subunit
  • Field experiment
  • GM wheat
  • Overexpression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

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