TandEM

Titan and Enceladus mission

A. Coustenis, S. K. Atreya, T. Balint, R. H. Brown, M. K. Dougherty, F. Ferri, M. Fulchignoni, D. Gautier, R. A. Gowen, C. A. Griffith, L. I. Gurvits, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, M. R. Leese, J. I. Lunine, C. P. McKay, X. Moussas, I. Müller-Wodarg, F. Neubauer, T. C. Owen & 136 others F. Raulin, E. C. Sittler, F. Sohl, C. Sotin, G. Tobie, T. Tokano, E. P. Turtle, J. E. Wahlund, J. H. Waite, K. H. Baines, J. Blamont, A. J. Coates, I. Dandouras, T. Krimigis, E. Lellouch, R. D. Lorenz, A. Morse, C. C. Porco, M. Hirtzig, J. Saur, T. Spilker, J. C. Zarnecki, E. Choi, N. Achilleos, R. Amils, P. Annan, D. H. Atkinson, Y. Bénilan, C. Bertucci, B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, M. Blanc, L. Boireau, J. Bouman, M. Cabane, M. T. Capria, E. Chassefière, P. Coll, M. Combes, J. F. Cooper, A. Coradini, F. Crary, T. Cravens, I. A. Daglis, E. de Angelis, C. de Bergh, I. de Pater, C. Dunford, G. Durry, O. Dutuit, D. Fairbrother, F. M. Flasar, A. D. Fortes, R. Frampton, M. Fujimoto, M. Galand, O. Grasset, M. Grott, T. Haltigin, A. Herique, F. Hersant, H. Hussmann, W. Ip, R. Johnson, E. Kallio, S. Kempf, M. Knapmeyer, W. Kofman, R. Koop, T. Kostiuk, N. Krupp, M. Küppers, H. Lammer, L. M. Lara, P. Lavvas, S. Le Mouélic, S. Lebonnois, S. Ledvina, J. Li, T. A. Livengood, R. M. Lopes, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, D. Luz, P. R. Mahaffy, U. Mall, J. Martinez-Frias, B. Marty, T. McCord, C. Menor Salvan, A. Milillo, D. G. Mitchell, R. Modolo, O. Mousis, M. Nakamura, C. D. Neish, C. A. Nixon, D. Nna Mvondo, G. Orton, M. Paetzold, J. Pitman, S. Pogrebenko, W. Pollard, O. Prieto-Ballesteros, P. Rannou, K. Reh, L. Richter, F. T. Robb, R. Rodrigo, S. Rodriguez, P. Romani, M. Ruiz Bermejo, E. T. Sarris, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, N. Schmitz, D. Schulze-Makuch, K. Schwingenschuh, A. Selig, B. Sicardy, L. Soderblom, L. J. Spilker, D. Stam, A. Steele, K. Stephan, D. F. Strobel, K. Szegö, C. Szopa, R. Thissen, M. G. Tomasko, D. Toublanc, H. Vali, I. Vardavas, V. Vuitton, R. A. West, R. Yelle, E. F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TandEM was proposed as an L-class (large) mission in response to ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Call, and accepted for further studies, with the goal of exploring Titan and Enceladus. The mission concept is to perform in situ investigations of two worlds tied together by location and properties, whose remarkable natures have been partly revealed by the ongoing Cassini-Huygens mission. These bodies still hold mysteries requiring a complete exploration using a variety of vehicles and instruments. TandEM is an ambitious mission because its targets are two of the most exciting and challenging bodies in the Solar System. It is designed to build on but exceed the scientific and technological accomplishments of the Cassini-Huygens mission, exploring Titan and Enceladus in ways that are not currently possible (full close-up and in situ coverage over long periods of time). In the current mission architecture, TandEM proposes to deliver two medium-sized spacecraft to the Saturnian system. One spacecraft would be an orbiter with a large host of instruments which would perform several Enceladus flybys and deliver penetrators to its surface before going into a dedicated orbit around Titan alone, while the other spacecraft would carry the Titan in situ investigation components, i.e. a hot-air balloon (Montgolfière) and possibly several landing probes to be delivered through the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-946
Number of pages54
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Fingerprint

Enceladus
Titan
spacecraft
solar system
high temperature air
landing
probe
balloons
European Space Agency
atmosphere
vehicles
air
orbits
in situ
atmospheres
probes

Keywords

  • Enceladus
  • Landing probes
  • Saturnian system
  • TandEM
  • Titan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Coustenis, A., Atreya, S. K., Balint, T., Brown, R. H., Dougherty, M. K., Ferri, F., ... Young, E. F. (2009). TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission. Experimental Astronomy, 23(3), 893-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z

TandEM : Titan and Enceladus mission. / Coustenis, A.; Atreya, S. K.; Balint, T.; Brown, R. H.; Dougherty, M. K.; Ferri, F.; Fulchignoni, M.; Gautier, D.; Gowen, R. A.; Griffith, C. A.; Gurvits, L. I.; Jaumann, R.; Langevin, Y.; Leese, M. R.; Lunine, J. I.; McKay, C. P.; Moussas, X.; Müller-Wodarg, I.; Neubauer, F.; Owen, T. C.; Raulin, F.; Sittler, E. C.; Sohl, F.; Sotin, C.; Tobie, G.; Tokano, T.; Turtle, E. P.; Wahlund, J. E.; Waite, J. H.; Baines, K. H.; Blamont, J.; Coates, A. J.; Dandouras, I.; Krimigis, T.; Lellouch, E.; Lorenz, R. D.; Morse, A.; Porco, C. C.; Hirtzig, M.; Saur, J.; Spilker, T.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Choi, E.; Achilleos, N.; Amils, R.; Annan, P.; Atkinson, D. H.; Bénilan, Y.; Bertucci, C.; Bézard, B.; Bjoraker, G. L.; Blanc, M.; Boireau, L.; Bouman, J.; Cabane, M.; Capria, M. T.; Chassefière, E.; Coll, P.; Combes, M.; Cooper, J. F.; Coradini, A.; Crary, F.; Cravens, T.; Daglis, I. A.; de Angelis, E.; de Bergh, C.; de Pater, I.; Dunford, C.; Durry, G.; Dutuit, O.; Fairbrother, D.; Flasar, F. M.; Fortes, A. D.; Frampton, R.; Fujimoto, M.; Galand, M.; Grasset, O.; Grott, M.; Haltigin, T.; Herique, A.; Hersant, F.; Hussmann, H.; Ip, W.; Johnson, R.; Kallio, E.; Kempf, S.; Knapmeyer, M.; Kofman, W.; Koop, R.; Kostiuk, T.; Krupp, N.; Küppers, M.; Lammer, H.; Lara, L. M.; Lavvas, P.; Le Mouélic, S.; Lebonnois, S.; Ledvina, S.; Li, J.; Livengood, T. A.; Lopes, R. M.; Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Luz, D.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Mall, U.; Martinez-Frias, J.; Marty, B.; McCord, T.; Salvan, C. Menor; Milillo, A.; Mitchell, D. G.; Modolo, R.; Mousis, O.; Nakamura, M.; Neish, C. D.; Nixon, C. A.; Mvondo, D. Nna; Orton, G.; Paetzold, M.; Pitman, J.; Pogrebenko, S.; Pollard, W.; Prieto-Ballesteros, O.; Rannou, P.; Reh, K.; Richter, L.; Robb, F. T.; Rodrigo, R.; Rodriguez, S.; Romani, P.; Bermejo, M. Ruiz; Sarris, E. T.; Schenk, P.; Schmitt, B.; Schmitz, N.; Schulze-Makuch, D.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Selig, A.; Sicardy, B.; Soderblom, L.; Spilker, L. J.; Stam, D.; Steele, A.; Stephan, K.; Strobel, D. F.; Szegö, K.; Szopa, C.; Thissen, R.; Tomasko, M. G.; Toublanc, D.; Vali, H.; Vardavas, I.; Vuitton, V.; West, R. A.; Yelle, R.; Young, E. F.

In: Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 23, No. 3, 02.2009, p. 893-946.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coustenis, A, Atreya, SK, Balint, T, Brown, RH, Dougherty, MK, Ferri, F, Fulchignoni, M, Gautier, D, Gowen, RA, Griffith, CA, Gurvits, LI, Jaumann, R, Langevin, Y, Leese, MR, Lunine, JI, McKay, CP, Moussas, X, Müller-Wodarg, I, Neubauer, F, Owen, TC, Raulin, F, Sittler, EC, Sohl, F, Sotin, C, Tobie, G, Tokano, T, Turtle, EP, Wahlund, JE, Waite, JH, Baines, KH, Blamont, J, Coates, AJ, Dandouras, I, Krimigis, T, Lellouch, E, Lorenz, RD, Morse, A, Porco, CC, Hirtzig, M, Saur, J, Spilker, T, Zarnecki, JC, Choi, E, Achilleos, N, Amils, R, Annan, P, Atkinson, DH, Bénilan, Y, Bertucci, C, Bézard, B, Bjoraker, GL, Blanc, M, Boireau, L, Bouman, J, Cabane, M, Capria, MT, Chassefière, E, Coll, P, Combes, M, Cooper, JF, Coradini, A, Crary, F, Cravens, T, Daglis, IA, de Angelis, E, de Bergh, C, de Pater, I, Dunford, C, Durry, G, Dutuit, O, Fairbrother, D, Flasar, FM, Fortes, AD, Frampton, R, Fujimoto, M, Galand, M, Grasset, O, Grott, M, Haltigin, T, Herique, A, Hersant, F, Hussmann, H, Ip, W, Johnson, R, Kallio, E, Kempf, S, Knapmeyer, M, Kofman, W, Koop, R, Kostiuk, T, Krupp, N, Küppers, M, Lammer, H, Lara, LM, Lavvas, P, Le Mouélic, S, Lebonnois, S, Ledvina, S, Li, J, Livengood, TA, Lopes, RM, Lopez-Moreno, JJ, Luz, D, Mahaffy, PR, Mall, U, Martinez-Frias, J, Marty, B, McCord, T, Salvan, CM, Milillo, A, Mitchell, DG, Modolo, R, Mousis, O, Nakamura, M, Neish, CD, Nixon, CA, Mvondo, DN, Orton, G, Paetzold, M, Pitman, J, Pogrebenko, S, Pollard, W, Prieto-Ballesteros, O, Rannou, P, Reh, K, Richter, L, Robb, FT, Rodrigo, R, Rodriguez, S, Romani, P, Bermejo, MR, Sarris, ET, Schenk, P, Schmitt, B, Schmitz, N, Schulze-Makuch, D, Schwingenschuh, K, Selig, A, Sicardy, B, Soderblom, L, Spilker, LJ, Stam, D, Steele, A, Stephan, K, Strobel, DF, Szegö, K, Szopa, C, Thissen, R, Tomasko, MG, Toublanc, D, Vali, H, Vardavas, I, Vuitton, V, West, RA, Yelle, R & Young, EF 2009, 'TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission', Experimental Astronomy, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 893-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z
Coustenis A, Atreya SK, Balint T, Brown RH, Dougherty MK, Ferri F et al. TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission. Experimental Astronomy. 2009 Feb;23(3):893-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z
Coustenis, A. ; Atreya, S. K. ; Balint, T. ; Brown, R. H. ; Dougherty, M. K. ; Ferri, F. ; Fulchignoni, M. ; Gautier, D. ; Gowen, R. A. ; Griffith, C. A. ; Gurvits, L. I. ; Jaumann, R. ; Langevin, Y. ; Leese, M. R. ; Lunine, J. I. ; McKay, C. P. ; Moussas, X. ; Müller-Wodarg, I. ; Neubauer, F. ; Owen, T. C. ; Raulin, F. ; Sittler, E. C. ; Sohl, F. ; Sotin, C. ; Tobie, G. ; Tokano, T. ; Turtle, E. P. ; Wahlund, J. E. ; Waite, J. H. ; Baines, K. H. ; Blamont, J. ; Coates, A. J. ; Dandouras, I. ; Krimigis, T. ; Lellouch, E. ; Lorenz, R. D. ; Morse, A. ; Porco, C. C. ; Hirtzig, M. ; Saur, J. ; Spilker, T. ; Zarnecki, J. C. ; Choi, E. ; Achilleos, N. ; Amils, R. ; Annan, P. ; Atkinson, D. H. ; Bénilan, Y. ; Bertucci, C. ; Bézard, B. ; Bjoraker, G. L. ; Blanc, M. ; Boireau, L. ; Bouman, J. ; Cabane, M. ; Capria, M. T. ; Chassefière, E. ; Coll, P. ; Combes, M. ; Cooper, J. F. ; Coradini, A. ; Crary, F. ; Cravens, T. ; Daglis, I. A. ; de Angelis, E. ; de Bergh, C. ; de Pater, I. ; Dunford, C. ; Durry, G. ; Dutuit, O. ; Fairbrother, D. ; Flasar, F. M. ; Fortes, A. D. ; Frampton, R. ; Fujimoto, M. ; Galand, M. ; Grasset, O. ; Grott, M. ; Haltigin, T. ; Herique, A. ; Hersant, F. ; Hussmann, H. ; Ip, W. ; Johnson, R. ; Kallio, E. ; Kempf, S. ; Knapmeyer, M. ; Kofman, W. ; Koop, R. ; Kostiuk, T. ; Krupp, N. ; Küppers, M. ; Lammer, H. ; Lara, L. M. ; Lavvas, P. ; Le Mouélic, S. ; Lebonnois, S. ; Ledvina, S. ; Li, J. ; Livengood, T. A. ; Lopes, R. M. ; Lopez-Moreno, J. J. ; Luz, D. ; Mahaffy, P. R. ; Mall, U. ; Martinez-Frias, J. ; Marty, B. ; McCord, T. ; Salvan, C. Menor ; Milillo, A. ; Mitchell, D. G. ; Modolo, R. ; Mousis, O. ; Nakamura, M. ; Neish, C. D. ; Nixon, C. A. ; Mvondo, D. Nna ; Orton, G. ; Paetzold, M. ; Pitman, J. ; Pogrebenko, S. ; Pollard, W. ; Prieto-Ballesteros, O. ; Rannou, P. ; Reh, K. ; Richter, L. ; Robb, F. T. ; Rodrigo, R. ; Rodriguez, S. ; Romani, P. ; Bermejo, M. Ruiz ; Sarris, E. T. ; Schenk, P. ; Schmitt, B. ; Schmitz, N. ; Schulze-Makuch, D. ; Schwingenschuh, K. ; Selig, A. ; Sicardy, B. ; Soderblom, L. ; Spilker, L. J. ; Stam, D. ; Steele, A. ; Stephan, K. ; Strobel, D. F. ; Szegö, K. ; Szopa, C. ; Thissen, R. ; Tomasko, M. G. ; Toublanc, D. ; Vali, H. ; Vardavas, I. ; Vuitton, V. ; West, R. A. ; Yelle, R. ; Young, E. F. / TandEM : Titan and Enceladus mission. In: Experimental Astronomy. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 893-946.
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title = "TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission",
abstract = "TandEM was proposed as an L-class (large) mission in response to ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Call, and accepted for further studies, with the goal of exploring Titan and Enceladus. The mission concept is to perform in situ investigations of two worlds tied together by location and properties, whose remarkable natures have been partly revealed by the ongoing Cassini-Huygens mission. These bodies still hold mysteries requiring a complete exploration using a variety of vehicles and instruments. TandEM is an ambitious mission because its targets are two of the most exciting and challenging bodies in the Solar System. It is designed to build on but exceed the scientific and technological accomplishments of the Cassini-Huygens mission, exploring Titan and Enceladus in ways that are not currently possible (full close-up and in situ coverage over long periods of time). In the current mission architecture, TandEM proposes to deliver two medium-sized spacecraft to the Saturnian system. One spacecraft would be an orbiter with a large host of instruments which would perform several Enceladus flybys and deliver penetrators to its surface before going into a dedicated orbit around Titan alone, while the other spacecraft would carry the Titan in situ investigation components, i.e. a hot-air balloon (Montgolfi{\`e}re) and possibly several landing probes to be delivered through the atmosphere.",
keywords = "Enceladus, Landing probes, Saturnian system, TandEM, Titan",
author = "A. Coustenis and Atreya, {S. K.} and T. Balint and Brown, {R. H.} and Dougherty, {M. K.} and F. Ferri and M. Fulchignoni and D. Gautier and Gowen, {R. A.} and Griffith, {C. A.} and Gurvits, {L. I.} and R. Jaumann and Y. Langevin and Leese, {M. R.} and Lunine, {J. I.} and McKay, {C. P.} and X. Moussas and I. M{\"u}ller-Wodarg and F. Neubauer and Owen, {T. C.} and F. Raulin and Sittler, {E. C.} and F. Sohl and C. Sotin and G. Tobie and T. Tokano and Turtle, {E. P.} and Wahlund, {J. E.} and Waite, {J. H.} and Baines, {K. H.} and J. Blamont and Coates, {A. J.} and I. Dandouras and T. Krimigis and E. Lellouch and Lorenz, {R. D.} and A. Morse and Porco, {C. C.} and M. Hirtzig and J. Saur and T. Spilker and Zarnecki, {J. C.} and E. Choi and N. Achilleos and R. Amils and P. Annan and Atkinson, {D. H.} and Y. B{\'e}nilan and C. Bertucci and B. B{\'e}zard and Bjoraker, {G. L.} and M. Blanc and L. Boireau and J. Bouman and M. Cabane and Capria, {M. T.} and E. Chassefi{\`e}re and P. Coll and M. Combes and Cooper, {J. F.} and A. Coradini and F. Crary and T. Cravens and Daglis, {I. A.} and {de Angelis}, E. and {de Bergh}, C. and {de Pater}, I. and C. Dunford and G. Durry and O. Dutuit and D. Fairbrother and Flasar, {F. M.} and Fortes, {A. D.} and R. Frampton and M. Fujimoto and M. Galand and O. Grasset and M. Grott and T. Haltigin and A. Herique and F. Hersant and H. Hussmann and W. Ip and R. Johnson and E. Kallio and S. Kempf and M. Knapmeyer and W. Kofman and R. Koop and T. Kostiuk and N. Krupp and M. K{\"u}ppers and H. Lammer and Lara, {L. M.} and P. Lavvas and {Le Mou{\'e}lic}, S. and S. Lebonnois and S. Ledvina and J. Li and Livengood, {T. A.} and Lopes, {R. M.} and Lopez-Moreno, {J. J.} and D. Luz and Mahaffy, {P. R.} and U. Mall and J. Martinez-Frias and B. Marty and T. McCord and Salvan, {C. Menor} and A. Milillo and Mitchell, {D. G.} and R. Modolo and O. Mousis and M. Nakamura and Neish, {C. D.} and Nixon, {C. A.} and Mvondo, {D. Nna} and G. Orton and M. Paetzold and J. Pitman and S. Pogrebenko and W. Pollard and O. Prieto-Ballesteros and P. Rannou and K. Reh and L. Richter and Robb, {F. T.} and R. Rodrigo and S. Rodriguez and P. Romani and Bermejo, {M. Ruiz} and Sarris, {E. T.} and P. Schenk and B. Schmitt and N. Schmitz and D. Schulze-Makuch and K. Schwingenschuh and A. Selig and B. Sicardy and L. Soderblom and Spilker, {L. J.} and D. Stam and A. Steele and K. Stephan and Strobel, {D. F.} and K. Szeg{\"o} and C. Szopa and R. Thissen and Tomasko, {M. G.} and D. Toublanc and H. Vali and I. Vardavas and V. Vuitton and West, {R. A.} and R. Yelle and Young, {E. F.}",
year = "2009",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "893--946",
journal = "Experimental Astronomy",
issn = "0922-6435",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - TandEM

T2 - Titan and Enceladus mission

AU - Coustenis, A.

AU - Atreya, S. K.

AU - Balint, T.

AU - Brown, R. H.

AU - Dougherty, M. K.

AU - Ferri, F.

AU - Fulchignoni, M.

AU - Gautier, D.

AU - Gowen, R. A.

AU - Griffith, C. A.

AU - Gurvits, L. I.

AU - Jaumann, R.

AU - Langevin, Y.

AU - Leese, M. R.

AU - Lunine, J. I.

AU - McKay, C. P.

AU - Moussas, X.

AU - Müller-Wodarg, I.

AU - Neubauer, F.

AU - Owen, T. C.

AU - Raulin, F.

AU - Sittler, E. C.

AU - Sohl, F.

AU - Sotin, C.

AU - Tobie, G.

AU - Tokano, T.

AU - Turtle, E. P.

AU - Wahlund, J. E.

AU - Waite, J. H.

AU - Baines, K. H.

AU - Blamont, J.

AU - Coates, A. J.

AU - Dandouras, I.

AU - Krimigis, T.

AU - Lellouch, E.

AU - Lorenz, R. D.

AU - Morse, A.

AU - Porco, C. C.

AU - Hirtzig, M.

AU - Saur, J.

AU - Spilker, T.

AU - Zarnecki, J. C.

AU - Choi, E.

AU - Achilleos, N.

AU - Amils, R.

AU - Annan, P.

AU - Atkinson, D. H.

AU - Bénilan, Y.

AU - Bertucci, C.

AU - Bézard, B.

AU - Bjoraker, G. L.

AU - Blanc, M.

AU - Boireau, L.

AU - Bouman, J.

AU - Cabane, M.

AU - Capria, M. T.

AU - Chassefière, E.

AU - Coll, P.

AU - Combes, M.

AU - Cooper, J. F.

AU - Coradini, A.

AU - Crary, F.

AU - Cravens, T.

AU - Daglis, I. A.

AU - de Angelis, E.

AU - de Bergh, C.

AU - de Pater, I.

AU - Dunford, C.

AU - Durry, G.

AU - Dutuit, O.

AU - Fairbrother, D.

AU - Flasar, F. M.

AU - Fortes, A. D.

AU - Frampton, R.

AU - Fujimoto, M.

AU - Galand, M.

AU - Grasset, O.

AU - Grott, M.

AU - Haltigin, T.

AU - Herique, A.

AU - Hersant, F.

AU - Hussmann, H.

AU - Ip, W.

AU - Johnson, R.

AU - Kallio, E.

AU - Kempf, S.

AU - Knapmeyer, M.

AU - Kofman, W.

AU - Koop, R.

AU - Kostiuk, T.

AU - Krupp, N.

AU - Küppers, M.

AU - Lammer, H.

AU - Lara, L. M.

AU - Lavvas, P.

AU - Le Mouélic, S.

AU - Lebonnois, S.

AU - Ledvina, S.

AU - Li, J.

AU - Livengood, T. A.

AU - Lopes, R. M.

AU - Lopez-Moreno, J. J.

AU - Luz, D.

AU - Mahaffy, P. R.

AU - Mall, U.

AU - Martinez-Frias, J.

AU - Marty, B.

AU - McCord, T.

AU - Salvan, C. Menor

AU - Milillo, A.

AU - Mitchell, D. G.

AU - Modolo, R.

AU - Mousis, O.

AU - Nakamura, M.

AU - Neish, C. D.

AU - Nixon, C. A.

AU - Mvondo, D. Nna

AU - Orton, G.

AU - Paetzold, M.

AU - Pitman, J.

AU - Pogrebenko, S.

AU - Pollard, W.

AU - Prieto-Ballesteros, O.

AU - Rannou, P.

AU - Reh, K.

AU - Richter, L.

AU - Robb, F. T.

AU - Rodrigo, R.

AU - Rodriguez, S.

AU - Romani, P.

AU - Bermejo, M. Ruiz

AU - Sarris, E. T.

AU - Schenk, P.

AU - Schmitt, B.

AU - Schmitz, N.

AU - Schulze-Makuch, D.

AU - Schwingenschuh, K.

AU - Selig, A.

AU - Sicardy, B.

AU - Soderblom, L.

AU - Spilker, L. J.

AU - Stam, D.

AU - Steele, A.

AU - Stephan, K.

AU - Strobel, D. F.

AU - Szegö, K.

AU - Szopa, C.

AU - Thissen, R.

AU - Tomasko, M. G.

AU - Toublanc, D.

AU - Vali, H.

AU - Vardavas, I.

AU - Vuitton, V.

AU - West, R. A.

AU - Yelle, R.

AU - Young, E. F.

PY - 2009/2

Y1 - 2009/2

N2 - TandEM was proposed as an L-class (large) mission in response to ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Call, and accepted for further studies, with the goal of exploring Titan and Enceladus. The mission concept is to perform in situ investigations of two worlds tied together by location and properties, whose remarkable natures have been partly revealed by the ongoing Cassini-Huygens mission. These bodies still hold mysteries requiring a complete exploration using a variety of vehicles and instruments. TandEM is an ambitious mission because its targets are two of the most exciting and challenging bodies in the Solar System. It is designed to build on but exceed the scientific and technological accomplishments of the Cassini-Huygens mission, exploring Titan and Enceladus in ways that are not currently possible (full close-up and in situ coverage over long periods of time). In the current mission architecture, TandEM proposes to deliver two medium-sized spacecraft to the Saturnian system. One spacecraft would be an orbiter with a large host of instruments which would perform several Enceladus flybys and deliver penetrators to its surface before going into a dedicated orbit around Titan alone, while the other spacecraft would carry the Titan in situ investigation components, i.e. a hot-air balloon (Montgolfière) and possibly several landing probes to be delivered through the atmosphere.

AB - TandEM was proposed as an L-class (large) mission in response to ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Call, and accepted for further studies, with the goal of exploring Titan and Enceladus. The mission concept is to perform in situ investigations of two worlds tied together by location and properties, whose remarkable natures have been partly revealed by the ongoing Cassini-Huygens mission. These bodies still hold mysteries requiring a complete exploration using a variety of vehicles and instruments. TandEM is an ambitious mission because its targets are two of the most exciting and challenging bodies in the Solar System. It is designed to build on but exceed the scientific and technological accomplishments of the Cassini-Huygens mission, exploring Titan and Enceladus in ways that are not currently possible (full close-up and in situ coverage over long periods of time). In the current mission architecture, TandEM proposes to deliver two medium-sized spacecraft to the Saturnian system. One spacecraft would be an orbiter with a large host of instruments which would perform several Enceladus flybys and deliver penetrators to its surface before going into a dedicated orbit around Titan alone, while the other spacecraft would carry the Titan in situ investigation components, i.e. a hot-air balloon (Montgolfière) and possibly several landing probes to be delivered through the atmosphere.

KW - Enceladus

KW - Landing probes

KW - Saturnian system

KW - TandEM

KW - Titan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67349188697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67349188697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z

DO - 10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 893

EP - 946

JO - Experimental Astronomy

JF - Experimental Astronomy

SN - 0922-6435

IS - 3

ER -