T-2 mycotoxin treatment of newborn rat pups does not significantly affect nervous system functions in adulthood

Petra Varró, Melinda Béldi, Melinda Kovács, I. Világi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

T-2 toxin is primarily produced by Fusarium sp. abundant under temperate climatic conditions. Its main harmful effect is the inhibition of protein synthesis. Causing oxidative stress, it also promotes lipid peroxidation and changes plasma membrane phospholipid composition; this may lead to nervous system alterations. The aim of the present study was to examine whether a single dose of T-2 toxin administered at newborn age has any long-lasting effects on nervous system functions. Rat pups were treated on the first postnatal day with a single intraperitoneal dose of T-2 toxin (0.2 mg/bwkg). Body weight of treated pups was lower during the second and third week of life, compared to littermates; later, weight gain was recovered. At young adulthood, behavior was tested in the open field, and no difference was observed between treated and control rats. Field potential recordings from somatosensory cortex and hippocampus slices did not reveal any significant difference in neuronal network functions. In case of neocortical field EPSP, the shape was slightly different in treated pups. Long-term synaptic plasticity was also comparable in both groups. Seizure susceptibility of the slices was not different, either. In conclusion, T-2 toxin did not significantly affect basic nervous system functions at this dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-41
Number of pages13
JournalActa Biologica Hungarica
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Brain slice
  • Field potentials
  • Mycotoxin
  • Open field
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

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