Exo- and endocyclic double bonds of glycals and terminal double bonds of enoses were reacted with various thiols by irradiation with UV light in the presence of a cleavable photoinitiator. The photoinduced radical-mediated hydrothiolation reactions showed highly varying overall conversions depending not only on the substitution pattern and electron-density of the double bond but also on the nature and substitution pattern of the thiol partner. Out of the applied thiols thiophenol, producing the highly stabilized thiyl radical, exhibited the lowest reactivity toward each type of alkene. In most cases, the hydrothiolations took place with full regio- and stereoselectivities. Successful addition of 1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-6-thio-α-d-galactopyranose to a 2,3-unsaturated N-acetylneuraminic acid derivative, providing a (3 → 6)-S-linked pseudodisaccharide, demonstrated that the endocyclic double bond of Neu5Ac-2-ene, bearing an electron-withdrawing substituent, shows sufficient reactivity in the photoinduced thiol-ene coupling reaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry