Synthesis of the monosaccharide units of the O-specific polysaccharide of Shigella sonnei

Adél Medgyes, Erzsébet Farkas, A. Lipták, Vince Pozsgay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The monosaccharide components of the O-specific polysaccharide 1 of the lipopolysaccharide of the enteropathogenic bacterium Shigella sonnei were synthesized as their methyl glycosides 2 and 3 in their natural anomeric form. The key intermediate to the diaminotrideoxygalactose derivative 2 was ethyl-3-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-2-phthalimido-1-thio-β-D- glucopyranoside (9) that was converted to its ditosylate 10. Regioselective deoxygenation at C-6 followed by nucleophilic displacement of the secondary tosyloxy group by azide afforded the 4-azido thioglycoside 13. Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate-assisted methanolysis of 13 gave the O-glycoside 14. Replacement of the phthalimido by an acetamido group followed by catalytic reduction of the azido group led to the diamino-trideoxygalactose derivative 2. The precursor to the L-altruronic acid derivative 3 was methyl α-L-glucopyranoside (19) that was routinely converted to the benzylidene-protected 2,3-anhydro-allopyranoside 22. Regioselective opening of the epoxide ring by NaN3 afforded the 2-azido derivative 23 that was benzylated at HO-3. Hydrolytic removal of the benzylidene group followed by TEMPO oxidation of C-6 and subsequent esterification with MeI gave the key L-azido-altruronic acid intermediate 29 that was transformed to the acetamido-altruronic acid derivative 3. High resolution NMR data of the altruronic acid derivatives indicate that the conformation of their pyranose ring is crucially dependent on the substitution pattern: the 2-azido altruronic acid derivatives prefer the 4C1 conformation whereas the 2-acetamido congeners exist preferentially in the 1C4 conformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4159-4178
Number of pages20
JournalTetrahedron
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 24 1997

Fingerprint

Shigella sonnei
O Antigens
Monosaccharides
Derivatives
Glycosides
Conformations
Thioglycosides
Sodium Azide
Azides
Esterification
Epoxy Compounds
Lipopolysaccharides
altruronic acid
Bacteria
Substitution reactions
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Oxidation

Keywords

  • 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-L-altruronic acid
  • 2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-galactose
  • Carbohydrate antigen
  • Glycoconjugate vaccine
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • O-specific polysaccharide
  • Shigella sonnei
  • TEMPO oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Synthesis of the monosaccharide units of the O-specific polysaccharide of Shigella sonnei. / Medgyes, Adél; Farkas, Erzsébet; Lipták, A.; Pozsgay, Vince.

In: Tetrahedron, Vol. 53, No. 12, 24.03.1997, p. 4159-4178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Medgyes, Adél ; Farkas, Erzsébet ; Lipták, A. ; Pozsgay, Vince. / Synthesis of the monosaccharide units of the O-specific polysaccharide of Shigella sonnei. In: Tetrahedron. 1997 ; Vol. 53, No. 12. pp. 4159-4178.
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N2 - The monosaccharide components of the O-specific polysaccharide 1 of the lipopolysaccharide of the enteropathogenic bacterium Shigella sonnei were synthesized as their methyl glycosides 2 and 3 in their natural anomeric form. The key intermediate to the diaminotrideoxygalactose derivative 2 was ethyl-3-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-2-phthalimido-1-thio-β-D- glucopyranoside (9) that was converted to its ditosylate 10. Regioselective deoxygenation at C-6 followed by nucleophilic displacement of the secondary tosyloxy group by azide afforded the 4-azido thioglycoside 13. Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate-assisted methanolysis of 13 gave the O-glycoside 14. Replacement of the phthalimido by an acetamido group followed by catalytic reduction of the azido group led to the diamino-trideoxygalactose derivative 2. The precursor to the L-altruronic acid derivative 3 was methyl α-L-glucopyranoside (19) that was routinely converted to the benzylidene-protected 2,3-anhydro-allopyranoside 22. Regioselective opening of the epoxide ring by NaN3 afforded the 2-azido derivative 23 that was benzylated at HO-3. Hydrolytic removal of the benzylidene group followed by TEMPO oxidation of C-6 and subsequent esterification with MeI gave the key L-azido-altruronic acid intermediate 29 that was transformed to the acetamido-altruronic acid derivative 3. High resolution NMR data of the altruronic acid derivatives indicate that the conformation of their pyranose ring is crucially dependent on the substitution pattern: the 2-azido altruronic acid derivatives prefer the 4C1 conformation whereas the 2-acetamido congeners exist preferentially in the 1C4 conformation.

AB - The monosaccharide components of the O-specific polysaccharide 1 of the lipopolysaccharide of the enteropathogenic bacterium Shigella sonnei were synthesized as their methyl glycosides 2 and 3 in their natural anomeric form. The key intermediate to the diaminotrideoxygalactose derivative 2 was ethyl-3-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-2-phthalimido-1-thio-β-D- glucopyranoside (9) that was converted to its ditosylate 10. Regioselective deoxygenation at C-6 followed by nucleophilic displacement of the secondary tosyloxy group by azide afforded the 4-azido thioglycoside 13. Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate-assisted methanolysis of 13 gave the O-glycoside 14. Replacement of the phthalimido by an acetamido group followed by catalytic reduction of the azido group led to the diamino-trideoxygalactose derivative 2. The precursor to the L-altruronic acid derivative 3 was methyl α-L-glucopyranoside (19) that was routinely converted to the benzylidene-protected 2,3-anhydro-allopyranoside 22. Regioselective opening of the epoxide ring by NaN3 afforded the 2-azido derivative 23 that was benzylated at HO-3. Hydrolytic removal of the benzylidene group followed by TEMPO oxidation of C-6 and subsequent esterification with MeI gave the key L-azido-altruronic acid intermediate 29 that was transformed to the acetamido-altruronic acid derivative 3. High resolution NMR data of the altruronic acid derivatives indicate that the conformation of their pyranose ring is crucially dependent on the substitution pattern: the 2-azido altruronic acid derivatives prefer the 4C1 conformation whereas the 2-acetamido congeners exist preferentially in the 1C4 conformation.

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