Synthesis of reactive hyperbranched and star-like polyethers and their use for toughening of vinylester-urethane hybrid resins

J. Karger-Kocsis, J. Fröhlich, O. Gryshchuk, H. Kautz, H. Frey, R. Mülhaupt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A vinylester-urethane hybrid resin (VEUH) was toughened by adding various vinyl-functionalized branched polyethers in 10 and 20wt%. Two sets of hyperbranched polymers (HBPs) with different branching density were compared with a set of six-arm star polymers. Besides the architecture, the polymers also varied in their characteristics (molecular mass and mass distribution, vinyl/hydroxy ratio). The morphology of the modified VEUH was studied by dynamic-mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The toughness was characterized by the fracture energy (Gc) determined on compact tension specimens at room temperature. It was established that the architecture and vinyl/hydroxy ratio of the HBPs are those parameters which control the morphology and thus the related linear elastic fracture mechanical response. Less compact star-like polymers with long, flexible arms and with high vinyl functionality produced the largest toughness improvement in VEUH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1195
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

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Keywords

  • Fracture mechanics
  • Hyperbranched polyether
  • Vinylester resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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