Synthesis of poly(propene-g-styrene) graft copolymers by metallocene catalyzed copolymerization of propene with allyl-terminated polystyrene macromonomer obtained via quasiliving atom transfer radical polymerization and the effect of the grafts on blending polypropene with polystyrene

Ulrich Schulze, Tamás Fónagy, Hartmut Komber, Gisela Pompe, Jürgen Pionteck, Béla Iván

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Allyl-terminated polystyrenes (PS macromonomers) were synthesized by quasiliving atom transfer radical polymerization (ATKP) of styrene followed by carbocationic chain end transformation with allyltrimethylsilane in the presence of titanium tetrachloride. Systematic investigations were carried out on metallocene/MAO-catalyzed copolymerization of PS macromonomers with propene by varying the molecular weight of the macromonomer, the type of catalyst, the polymerization temperature, and the propene pressure. The resulting poly(propene-g-styrene) (PP-g-PS) graft copolymers were analyzed by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, and differential scanning calorimetry, Macromonomer incorporation, molecular weight, tacticity, and crystallinity of the resulting PP-g-PS copolymers were greatly influenced by the investigated parameters. The macromonomer incorporation depends mostly on the polymerization temperature. The highest comonomer incorporation (10.8 wt %) was achieved at the highest polymerization temperature, but at the same time the molecular weight decreases strongly with increasing polymerization temperature leading to graft copolymers with relatively low molecular weights. For the first time, the effect of well-defined PP-g-PS grafts was investigated on blending incompatible polypropylene with polystyrene. Surprisingly, it was found that PP-g-PS graft copolymers with short PS side chains show a better compatibilization efficiency than those with long PS chains at comparable composition as scanning electron microscopic investigations on the morphology of blends indicate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4719-4726
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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