Phosphine-phosphoramidite ligands containing a 2,4-pentanediyl backbone, BINOL moieties, and Me, Bn or Ph substituent on the nitrogen were synthesized and fully characterized. The electronic effect of the N-substituents was examined by 31P NMR of their corresponding seleno-phosphate-amide and phosphine-selenide derivatives. The new ligands together with their earlier reported derivatives were tested in the palladium catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylation of rac-(E)-1,3-diphenylallyl acetate. Remarkably high activity (up to 1780 h-1 turnover frequency) and first order kinetics were observed by facilitating nucleophile formation. The substituent at the nitrogen and the configuration of chiral moieties had a high impact on the enantioselectivity. The new ligands were also tested in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of methyl (Z)-α-acetamidocinnammate, dimethyl itaconate (up to 99.9% ee's) and methyl 2-acetamidoacrylate (up to 99.5% ee).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry