Synthesis of carboxymethylcellulose/acrylic acid hydrogels with superabsorbent properties by radiation-initiated crosslinking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Superabsorbent hydrogels were prepared by gamma irradiation from aqueous solutions of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and acrylic acid (AAc) with varying CMC:AAc ratio. By partially replacing the CMC with AAc the gelation increased and led to a higher gel fraction and lower water uptake. Moreover, the gelation required significantly milder synthesis conditions. Decreasing both the dose and the solute concentration in the presence of AAc led to gels with higher gel fraction and higher degree of swelling compared to pure CMC gels. Increasing the AAc content up to 10% proved to be very effective, while very high AAc content (over 50%) hindered the gelation process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

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acrylic acid
crosslinking
gelation
radiation
synthesis
gels
swelling
solutes
aqueous solutions
dosage
irradiation
water

Keywords

  • Acrylic acid
  • Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Crosslinking
  • Hydrogel
  • Irradiation
  • Superabsorbent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

Cite this

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abstract = "Superabsorbent hydrogels were prepared by gamma irradiation from aqueous solutions of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and acrylic acid (AAc) with varying CMC:AAc ratio. By partially replacing the CMC with AAc the gelation increased and led to a higher gel fraction and lower water uptake. Moreover, the gelation required significantly milder synthesis conditions. Decreasing both the dose and the solute concentration in the presence of AAc led to gels with higher gel fraction and higher degree of swelling compared to pure CMC gels. Increasing the AAc content up to 10{\%} proved to be very effective, while very high AAc content (over 50{\%}) hindered the gelation process.",
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author = "Tam{\'a}s Fekete and J. Borsa and E. Tak{\'a}cs and L. Wojn{\'a}rovits",
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T1 - Synthesis of carboxymethylcellulose/acrylic acid hydrogels with superabsorbent properties by radiation-initiated crosslinking

AU - Fekete, Tamás

AU - Borsa, J.

AU - Takács, E.

AU - Wojnárovits, L.

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Superabsorbent hydrogels were prepared by gamma irradiation from aqueous solutions of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and acrylic acid (AAc) with varying CMC:AAc ratio. By partially replacing the CMC with AAc the gelation increased and led to a higher gel fraction and lower water uptake. Moreover, the gelation required significantly milder synthesis conditions. Decreasing both the dose and the solute concentration in the presence of AAc led to gels with higher gel fraction and higher degree of swelling compared to pure CMC gels. Increasing the AAc content up to 10% proved to be very effective, while very high AAc content (over 50%) hindered the gelation process.

AB - Superabsorbent hydrogels were prepared by gamma irradiation from aqueous solutions of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and acrylic acid (AAc) with varying CMC:AAc ratio. By partially replacing the CMC with AAc the gelation increased and led to a higher gel fraction and lower water uptake. Moreover, the gelation required significantly milder synthesis conditions. Decreasing both the dose and the solute concentration in the presence of AAc led to gels with higher gel fraction and higher degree of swelling compared to pure CMC gels. Increasing the AAc content up to 10% proved to be very effective, while very high AAc content (over 50%) hindered the gelation process.

KW - Acrylic acid

KW - Carboxymethylcellulose

KW - Crosslinking

KW - Hydrogel

KW - Irradiation

KW - Superabsorbent

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