Synthesis, in vitro biological evaluation, and oxidative transformation of new flavonol derivatives: The possible role of the phenyl-N,N-dimethylamino group

Peter Szabados-Furjesi, David Pajtas, Aliz Barta, Evelin Csepanyi, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, A. Tósaki, I. Bak

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six new flavonols (6a–f) were synthesized with Claisen–Schmidt and Suzuki reactions and they were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods. In order to evaluate their antioxidant activities, their oxygen radical absorption capacity and ferric reducing antioxidant power were measured, along with their free radical scavenging activity against 2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazylradicals. In addition, their cytotoxicity on H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells was also assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Compounds bearing the phenyl-N,N-dimethylamino group (6a, 6c, and 6e) exhibited promising antioxidant potency and did not have any cytotoxic effect. After a consideration of these data, the oxidative transformation of the 6c compound was investigated in vitro with a chemical Fenton reaction and the identification of the formed oxidation products was performed by mass spectrometry. Two potential metabolites were detected. Based on these results, compound 6c can be a model compound for future developments. Overall, this work has proved the involvement of the phenyl-N,N-dimethylamino group in the antioxidant activity of flavonols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3161
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2018

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Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Flavonoid
  • Flavonol
  • Oxidative metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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