Synthesis, characterization and use in enantioselective hydroformylation of (BINAPO)PtCl2 (BINAPO = 2-diphenylphosphino-2'-diphenylphosphinyl-1,1'- binaphthalene), the first chiral catalyst with an atropisomeric hemilabile P,O-heterodonor ligand

Serafino Gladiali, Elisabetta Alberico, Sonia Pulacchini, Làszlò Kollàr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platinum(II) complexes with the axially chiral phosphinyl phosphine (S)- BINAPO (1) have been prepared and their behaviour in solution has been studied by 31P-NMR spectroscopy. Reaction of PtCl2(PhCN)2 with 1 in benzene leads to the isolation of a neutral complex, 4, which maintains the P,O-chelate coordination of the ligand even in solvents of low polarity. The hemilabile character of the ligand is apparent from the reactions with DMSO and with carbon monoxide which promote the cleavage of the chelate ring of 4 through displacement of the oxygenated arm. Insertion of tin(II) chloride into the Pt-Cl bond takes readily place at room temperature affording only one of the possible trichlorostannato derivatives (6) with complete selectivity. In the presence of SnCl2, the platinum complex 4 originates a catalyst of remarkable regioselectivity which, in the hydroformylation of styrene, is able to produce in up to 30% e.e. the branched aldehyde as the prevalent product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume143
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 1999

Keywords

  • Atropisomeric heterodonor ligands
  • Hemilabile coordination
  • Platinum complexes
  • Pt-Sn hydroformylation catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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