Synthesis and study of cross-linked chitosan-N-poly(ethylene glycol) nanoparticles

Magdolna Bodnar, John F. Hartmann, Janos Borbely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present investigation describes the synthesis and characterization of novel biodegradable nanoparticles based on chitosan. Poly(ethylene glycol) dicarboxylic acid was used for intramolecular cross-linking of the chitosan linear chains. The condensation reaction of carboxylic groups and pendant amino groups of chitosan was performed by using water-soluble carbodiimide. The prepared nanosystems were stable in aqueous media. The structure of the products was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and the particle size was identified by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. It was found that biodegradable cross-linked chitosan nanoparticles experienced considerable swelling because of the length and flexibility of the cross-linking agent. The aqueous solutions or dispersions of nanoparticles were stable and clear or mildly opalescent systems depending on the ratio of cross-linking and molecular weight of chitosan, findings consistent with values of transmittance above 75%. Particle size measured by TEM varied in the range of 4-24 nm. In the swollen state, the average size of the individual particles measured by DLS was in the range of 50-120 nm depending on the molecular weight of chitosan and the ratio of cross-linking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3030-3036
Number of pages7
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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