An original method for the one-stage synthesis of sulfur-containing silica of SBA-15 type is developed and described. Instead of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) typically used as a source of silica, the inexpensive sodium metasilicate has been applied in our method. The mesoporous silica material was first functionalized with thiol groups then oxidized by concentrated nitric acid to produce sulfonic groups. The samples obtained possess developed specific surface area (Ssp = 320-675 m2 g-1) and porous structure with an effective pore diameter of 3.5-5.7 nm. The orderliness of the structure and presence of surface sulfur-containing acidic groups of various natures in the synthesized materials were determined using XRD, TEM, N2 adsorption, conductivity and potentiometric titration methods. Based on the results of the measurements of the zeta potential vs. pH and electrolyte concentration, conclusions about the electro-surface properties and aggregation stability of sample dispersion have been drawn. The obtained samples are environmentally-friendly and could be used in green chemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)