Synthesis and characterization of CdS nanoparticle based multiwall carbon nanotube-maleic anhydride-1-octene nanocomposites

E. Y. Malikov, M. C. Altay, M. B. Muradov, O. H. Akperov, G. M. Eyvazova, R. Puskás, D. Madarász, Kukovecz, Z. Kónya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CdS nanoparticles were synthesized by sonication from cadmium chloride and thiourea using a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-maleic anhydride (MA)-1-octene system as the matrix. The matrix was obtained by the "grafting from" approach from oxidized carbon nanotubes and maleic anhydride-1-octene. Multiwall carbon nanotubes used for reinforcing the matrix were synthesized by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition using Fe-Co/Al2O3 as the catalyst. The obtained nanostructures were characterized by FTIR, XRD, Raman spectroscopy, TEM, SEM and UV-vis spectroscopy. The average CdS particle diameter was 7.9 nm as confirmed independently by TEM and XRD. UV-vis spectroscopy revealed that the obtained nanostructure is an appropriate base material for making optical devices. The novelty of this work is the use of the MWCNT-MA-1-octene matrix obtained via the "grafting from" approach for the synthesis of uniformly dispersed CdS nanocrystals by ultrasonic cavitation to obtain a polymer nanocomposite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-218
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Grafting from
  • Metal chalcogenides
  • Polymer nanocomposites
  • Sonication
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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