Synchrotron Microbeam Diffraction Study of the Microstructure and the Chemical Composition in a Monocrystalline Ni-Base Turbine Blade after a Thermomechanical Mission Test

T. Ungár, H. Biermann, B. Von Grossmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-performance turbine blades composed of monocrystalline Ni-base γ/γ′ superalloys are often protected by coatings to resist the high-temperature corrosive atmosphere environment applications. During applications severe thermal and mechanical loads cause drastic and complicated changes in the microstructure and the chemical composition, also combined with strong lateral gradients of both temperature and stress. Microbeam X-ray diffraction experiments with a spatial resolution of about 5 μm enabled the determination of both the microstructural and the chemical composition gradients within material volumes of the sizes of the order of about 1 mm 3 or smaller. The high angular and spatial resolution was achieved by a special focusing technique using a Bragg-Fresnel focusing monochromator at the BM5 beamline of the ESRF synchrotron at Grenoble. The X-ray diffraction experiments were complemented and supported by electron microscopy investigations of the microstructure and the chemical composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalStructural Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003

Fingerprint

Synchrotrons
turbine blades
microbeams
X-Ray Diffraction
Turbomachine blades
chemical composition
synchrotrons
Turbines
Diffraction
Caustics
microstructure
Microstructure
Temperature
spatial resolution
Chemical analysis
Atmosphere
diffraction
X ray diffraction
Electron Microscopy
gradients

Keywords

  • γ/γ′ phases
  • Bragg-Fresnel lens
  • Long-range internal stresses
  • Microdiffraction
  • Misfit
  • Mission test
  • Ni-base superalloy
  • Synchrotron radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Structural Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "High-performance turbine blades composed of monocrystalline Ni-base γ/γ′ superalloys are often protected by coatings to resist the high-temperature corrosive atmosphere environment applications. During applications severe thermal and mechanical loads cause drastic and complicated changes in the microstructure and the chemical composition, also combined with strong lateral gradients of both temperature and stress. Microbeam X-ray diffraction experiments with a spatial resolution of about 5 μm enabled the determination of both the microstructural and the chemical composition gradients within material volumes of the sizes of the order of about 1 mm 3 or smaller. The high angular and spatial resolution was achieved by a special focusing technique using a Bragg-Fresnel focusing monochromator at the BM5 beamline of the ESRF synchrotron at Grenoble. The X-ray diffraction experiments were complemented and supported by electron microscopy investigations of the microstructure and the chemical composition.",
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AU - Biermann, H.

AU - Von Grossmann, B.

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