Synaptic contacts of serotonin-like immunoreactive and 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-accumulating neurons in the anuran retina

R. Gábriel, B. S. Zhu, C. Straznicky

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Abstract

The synapses of serotonin-like immunoreactive retinal neurons were studied in Bufo marinus and Xenopus laevis and those of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-labelled cells in Xenopus. Immunoreactivity to serotonin was mostly confined to amacrine cells. Synapses formed by profiles of labelled cells were almost uniformly distributed in the inner plexiform layer in both species. Interamacrine synapses were the most frequent, and in some cases two labelled amacrine cell profiles made a gap junction. Some of the labelled amacrine cells synapsed on to presumed ganglion cell dendrites and onto bipolar cell terminals. Labelled bipolar cell terminals synapsed on to non-labelled amacrine cell dendrites and received inputs both from labelled and non-labelled amacrine cells. Labelled bipolar cell profiles were not observed in the outer plexiform layer. After preloading and photoconversion of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine in the Xenopus retina, labelled bipolar cell dendrites in the outer plexiform layer were observed to be postsynaptic to cone pedicles and less frequently to rods and horizontal cells. In the inner plexiform layer, synapse types formed by labelled bipolar cells were similar to those with serotonin immunoreactivity. The frequency of synapses formed by 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-labelled amacrine cells increased, compared with serotonin immunocytochemistry. Labelled amacrine cells synapsed mostly with non-labelled amacrine cells, although the ratio of contacts formed by two labelled profiles increased. Synapses from labelled amacrine cell dendrites to non-labelled bipolar cell terminals and from non-labelled bipolar cell terminals to labelled amacrine cell profiles increased in number, while those from labelled amacrine cells to presumed ganglion cell dendrites decreased. The quantitative data obtained by the two approaches enabled us to propose different neuronal circuits for serotonin-synthesizing and -accumulating neurons of the Xenopus retina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1114
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine
Amacrine Cells
Retina
Serotonin
Neurons
Synapses
Dendrites
Xenopus
Ganglia
Bufo marinus
Retinal Neurons
Gap Junctions
Xenopus laevis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Synaptic contacts of serotonin-like immunoreactive and 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-accumulating neurons in the anuran retina. / Gábriel, R.; Zhu, B. S.; Straznicky, C.

In: Neuroscience, Vol. 54, No. 4, 1993, p. 1103-1114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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