Synanthropic rodents and their ectoparasites as carriers of a novel haemoplasma and vector-borne, zoonotic pathogens indoors

Sándor Hornok, Gábor Földvári, Krisztina Rigó, Marina L. Meli, Eniko Gönczi, Attila Répási, Róbert Farkas, Ibolya Papp, Jeno Kontschán, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Despite their close association with human dwellings, the role of synanthropic rodents in the epidemiology of vector-borne infections is seldom studied. The aim of the present study was to compensate for this lack of information, by the molecular investigation of vector-borne bacteria in peridomestic rodents and their ectoparasites. Findings: Fifty-two rodents (mainly house mice and brown rats) were caught alive in buildings and checked for blood-sucking ectoparasites; followed by molecular analysis of these, together with spleen samples, for the presence of vector-borne agents. Haemoplasma infection was significantly more prevalent among brown rats, than among house mice. A novel haemoplasma genotype (with only 92-93% similarity to Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis and M. coccoides in its 16S rRNA gene) was detected in a harvest mouse and a brown rat. Sporadic occurrence of Rickettsia helvetica, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. and Bartonella sp. was also noted in rodents and/or their ectoparasites. Conclusions: These results indicate that synanthropic rodents, although with low prevalence, may carry zoonotic and vector-borne pathogens indoors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
JournalParasites and Vectors
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2015

Keywords

  • Anaplasma
  • Bartonella
  • Borrelia
  • Haemoplasma
  • Mouse
  • Rat
  • Rickettsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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