Sustainability Assessment of Renewable Energy in the USA, Canada, the European Union, China, and the Russian Federation

Edit Csefalvay, I. Horváth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass is the oldest resource of energy for humans and its use could slow the depletion rate of fossil reserves and enable the development of sustainable energy and chemical industry. The sustainability of the replacement of natural gas, crude oil and coal with corn-based bioethanol was assessed by using the ethanol equivalents (EE) of fossil resources used in the USA, Canada, the EU, China, and the Russian Federation in 2008 - 2014. The calculations were based on first generation corn-based bioethanol technology as commercially practiced in the USA in 2008. Based on the EE2.3 values, the required volume of corn and the corre-sponding size of land was calculated, and compared with the actual lands used for corn production, which is only enough to re-place one sixth of fossil resources in the USA, EU and China and practically insufficient in Canada and the Russian Federation. The assessment of the replacement of natural gas, crude oil and coal based energy with renewable energy in these countries in 2008 - 2014 shows that a significant increase of the renewable energy portfolio is required.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 17 2018

Fingerprint

Bioethanol
Coal
Petroleum
Sustainable development
European Union
Natural gas
Crude oil
maize
sustainability
fossil
Chemical industry
crude oil
energy
natural gas
Biomass
Ethanol
resource
replacement
chemical industry
ethanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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abstract = "Biomass is the oldest resource of energy for humans and its use could slow the depletion rate of fossil reserves and enable the development of sustainable energy and chemical industry. The sustainability of the replacement of natural gas, crude oil and coal with corn-based bioethanol was assessed by using the ethanol equivalents (EE) of fossil resources used in the USA, Canada, the EU, China, and the Russian Federation in 2008 - 2014. The calculations were based on first generation corn-based bioethanol technology as commercially practiced in the USA in 2008. Based on the EE2.3 values, the required volume of corn and the corre-sponding size of land was calculated, and compared with the actual lands used for corn production, which is only enough to re-place one sixth of fossil resources in the USA, EU and China and practically insufficient in Canada and the Russian Federation. The assessment of the replacement of natural gas, crude oil and coal based energy with renewable energy in these countries in 2008 - 2014 shows that a significant increase of the renewable energy portfolio is required.",
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