Felmérés a kisállatpraxisban dolgozó állatorvosok tájékozottságáról a kutyák és a macskák férgei elleni védekezéssel, valamint a helminthozoonosisok megelozésével kapcsolatban

Translated title of the contribution: Survey of veterinarians' knowledge working in small animal praxis of the control against the worms of dogs and cats and the helminthozoonoses prevention

Fok Éva, Imre Viktória, F. Rozgonyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors conducted survey to assess whether current veterinary practices concerning prophylaxis of helminthozoonoses caused by canine and feline intestinal worms are adequate to prevent the potential public health risks. They administered a standard questionnaire by mail to 20 provincial veterinarians in 1997, and two years later to 126 small animal practitioners, among them 95 worked in the capital and 31 worked in the country. Data collected from the 146 veterinarians included the year of graduation, practice (companion/mixed, animal keeping conditions), possibility to make faeces parasitology test, experience about that the owners whether meet the additional charges for the faeces tests, anthelmintic strategy in dogs and cats (age of the first deworming puppies and kittens, interval, suggestion of the repetition, routine deworming adult animals), whether the owners bring back their pets for the repetition of the treatment as the veterinarian suggested, if not, what are its causes, whether the anthelmintics' prices influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets, drugs that the practitioners regularly use for dogs and cats, the public health aspects (zoonotic risks, estimated infection rate of puppies and kittens with roundworms, estimated Infection risk of children in direct contact with the young animals, experience concerning the owners' awareness of intestinal worms of their animals), the need of informing pet owners about the helminthozoonoses risks, and the explanatory work of the veterinarians to inform the owners about the helminthozoonoses. According to the veterinarians, pet-owners know almost nothing about helminthozoonoses. From the veterinarians 71.9% answered that they had met in their praxis cases when the owners were treated by the general practitioner because of a suspicion of being infected by their pet's worms. According to the survey conducted in 1998, from the veterinarians 88.9% treated the animals routinely, but only 3.2% perform faecal examination in spite of that 90.5% have the possibility to do this. In the opinion of the veterinarians the anthelmintics' prices frequently influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets. According to the experiencies of 57.9% of the practitioners the owners do not meet the additional charges for the faeces tests. According to the data only 52.1% and 34.2% of the veterinarians estimated more than 50% the Infestation rate in young dogs and cats with roundworms. The estimated risk of Toxocara Infection from direct contact between children and young dogs and cats according to the 48.6% of the veterinarians is between 10 to 49%, despite the fact that the direct contact does not create high risk for zoonotic infection, because roundworm eggs need maturation in the environment, so answers between 0 to 9% were acceptable. From the practitioners 26.0% recommend incorrectly the first deworming at 4-7 weeks of age of pups. The first correct deworming (between 4-7 weeks of age) of kittens was answered by only 43.2% of the veterinarians. From the practitioners 75% answered that the veterinarians' information work is not satisfactory. The authors offer the following schedule for deworming: puppies should be dewormed every two weeks from 2 to 12 weeks of age and kittens from 4 to 12 weeks of age. Nursing bitches and queens should be treated concurrently with their puppies and kittens. Moreover they offer the quarterly treatment of adult animals, too. Organizing the fight against helminthozoonoses such as toxocarosis is mainly veterinary task, however, its control is of common veterinary and medical interest. The veterinarians have many possibilities both in the surgery and outside to inform the population about the helminthozoonotic risks. Moreover, in the authors' opinion the culture of pet animal keeping needs more improvements in Hungary.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume123
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Veterinarians
veterinarians
Cats
Dogs
cats
Pets
dogs
deworming
pets
kittens
animals
puppies
Anthelmintics
direct contact
anthelmintics
Feces
feces
Zoonoses
Nematoda
infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Felm{\'e}r{\'e}s a kis{\'a}llatpraxisban dolgoz{\'o} {\'a}llatorvosok t{\'a}j{\'e}kozotts{\'a}g{\'a}r{\'o}l a kuty{\'a}k {\'e}s a macsk{\'a}k f{\'e}rgei elleni v{\'e}dekez{\'e}ssel, valamint a helminthozoonosisok megeloz{\'e}s{\'e}vel kapcsolatban",
abstract = "The authors conducted survey to assess whether current veterinary practices concerning prophylaxis of helminthozoonoses caused by canine and feline intestinal worms are adequate to prevent the potential public health risks. They administered a standard questionnaire by mail to 20 provincial veterinarians in 1997, and two years later to 126 small animal practitioners, among them 95 worked in the capital and 31 worked in the country. Data collected from the 146 veterinarians included the year of graduation, practice (companion/mixed, animal keeping conditions), possibility to make faeces parasitology test, experience about that the owners whether meet the additional charges for the faeces tests, anthelmintic strategy in dogs and cats (age of the first deworming puppies and kittens, interval, suggestion of the repetition, routine deworming adult animals), whether the owners bring back their pets for the repetition of the treatment as the veterinarian suggested, if not, what are its causes, whether the anthelmintics' prices influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets, drugs that the practitioners regularly use for dogs and cats, the public health aspects (zoonotic risks, estimated infection rate of puppies and kittens with roundworms, estimated Infection risk of children in direct contact with the young animals, experience concerning the owners' awareness of intestinal worms of their animals), the need of informing pet owners about the helminthozoonoses risks, and the explanatory work of the veterinarians to inform the owners about the helminthozoonoses. According to the veterinarians, pet-owners know almost nothing about helminthozoonoses. From the veterinarians 71.9{\%} answered that they had met in their praxis cases when the owners were treated by the general practitioner because of a suspicion of being infected by their pet's worms. According to the survey conducted in 1998, from the veterinarians 88.9{\%} treated the animals routinely, but only 3.2{\%} perform faecal examination in spite of that 90.5{\%} have the possibility to do this. In the opinion of the veterinarians the anthelmintics' prices frequently influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets. According to the experiencies of 57.9{\%} of the practitioners the owners do not meet the additional charges for the faeces tests. According to the data only 52.1{\%} and 34.2{\%} of the veterinarians estimated more than 50{\%} the Infestation rate in young dogs and cats with roundworms. The estimated risk of Toxocara Infection from direct contact between children and young dogs and cats according to the 48.6{\%} of the veterinarians is between 10 to 49{\%}, despite the fact that the direct contact does not create high risk for zoonotic infection, because roundworm eggs need maturation in the environment, so answers between 0 to 9{\%} were acceptable. From the practitioners 26.0{\%} recommend incorrectly the first deworming at 4-7 weeks of age of pups. The first correct deworming (between 4-7 weeks of age) of kittens was answered by only 43.2{\%} of the veterinarians. From the practitioners 75{\%} answered that the veterinarians' information work is not satisfactory. The authors offer the following schedule for deworming: puppies should be dewormed every two weeks from 2 to 12 weeks of age and kittens from 4 to 12 weeks of age. Nursing bitches and queens should be treated concurrently with their puppies and kittens. Moreover they offer the quarterly treatment of adult animals, too. Organizing the fight against helminthozoonoses such as toxocarosis is mainly veterinary task, however, its control is of common veterinary and medical interest. The veterinarians have many possibilities both in the surgery and outside to inform the population about the helminthozoonotic risks. Moreover, in the authors' opinion the culture of pet animal keeping needs more improvements in Hungary.",
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T1 - Felmérés a kisállatpraxisban dolgozó állatorvosok tájékozottságáról a kutyák és a macskák férgei elleni védekezéssel, valamint a helminthozoonosisok megelozésével kapcsolatban

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N2 - The authors conducted survey to assess whether current veterinary practices concerning prophylaxis of helminthozoonoses caused by canine and feline intestinal worms are adequate to prevent the potential public health risks. They administered a standard questionnaire by mail to 20 provincial veterinarians in 1997, and two years later to 126 small animal practitioners, among them 95 worked in the capital and 31 worked in the country. Data collected from the 146 veterinarians included the year of graduation, practice (companion/mixed, animal keeping conditions), possibility to make faeces parasitology test, experience about that the owners whether meet the additional charges for the faeces tests, anthelmintic strategy in dogs and cats (age of the first deworming puppies and kittens, interval, suggestion of the repetition, routine deworming adult animals), whether the owners bring back their pets for the repetition of the treatment as the veterinarian suggested, if not, what are its causes, whether the anthelmintics' prices influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets, drugs that the practitioners regularly use for dogs and cats, the public health aspects (zoonotic risks, estimated infection rate of puppies and kittens with roundworms, estimated Infection risk of children in direct contact with the young animals, experience concerning the owners' awareness of intestinal worms of their animals), the need of informing pet owners about the helminthozoonoses risks, and the explanatory work of the veterinarians to inform the owners about the helminthozoonoses. According to the veterinarians, pet-owners know almost nothing about helminthozoonoses. From the veterinarians 71.9% answered that they had met in their praxis cases when the owners were treated by the general practitioner because of a suspicion of being infected by their pet's worms. According to the survey conducted in 1998, from the veterinarians 88.9% treated the animals routinely, but only 3.2% perform faecal examination in spite of that 90.5% have the possibility to do this. In the opinion of the veterinarians the anthelmintics' prices frequently influence the owners' decision to deworm their pets. According to the experiencies of 57.9% of the practitioners the owners do not meet the additional charges for the faeces tests. According to the data only 52.1% and 34.2% of the veterinarians estimated more than 50% the Infestation rate in young dogs and cats with roundworms. The estimated risk of Toxocara Infection from direct contact between children and young dogs and cats according to the 48.6% of the veterinarians is between 10 to 49%, despite the fact that the direct contact does not create high risk for zoonotic infection, because roundworm eggs need maturation in the environment, so answers between 0 to 9% were acceptable. From the practitioners 26.0% recommend incorrectly the first deworming at 4-7 weeks of age of pups. The first correct deworming (between 4-7 weeks of age) of kittens was answered by only 43.2% of the veterinarians. From the practitioners 75% answered that the veterinarians' information work is not satisfactory. The authors offer the following schedule for deworming: puppies should be dewormed every two weeks from 2 to 12 weeks of age and kittens from 4 to 12 weeks of age. Nursing bitches and queens should be treated concurrently with their puppies and kittens. Moreover they offer the quarterly treatment of adult animals, too. Organizing the fight against helminthozoonoses such as toxocarosis is mainly veterinary task, however, its control is of common veterinary and medical interest. The veterinarians have many possibilities both in the surgery and outside to inform the population about the helminthozoonotic risks. Moreover, in the authors' opinion the culture of pet animal keeping needs more improvements in Hungary.

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