Chest wall desmoids are rare, borderline tumors. Radical surgical excision is considered to be the primary treatment. Tendency of desmoids to infiltrate the chest wall, the shoulder girdle, lung parenchyma, brachial plexus and vital components of the mediastinum provides a difficult surgical challenge in the efforts of achieving microscopically negative margins. Implantation of synthetic meshes and reconstructive plastic surgical techniques might be necessary to perform in order to preserve stability of the thorax, and to achieve optimal functional and aesthetic results. Multidisciplinary surgeries may result in a high rate of morbidity even in specialized centers. Within the framework of a retrospective multicenter review, authors assessed surgical techniques implemented in the case of patients who underwent surgical management for sporadically appearing chest-wall and intra-thoracic desmoids, and reviewed the relevant literature.
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