Surface tension and mechanical properties in polyolefin composites

B. Pukánszky, E. Fekete, Ferenc Tüdós

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Abstract

Polyolefin composites were prepared with CaCO3 fillers of different specific surface area. The fillers were surface treated with stearic acid between 0 and 100% surface coverage. As an effect of the treatment, surface tension of the fillers and also polymer/filler interaction decreased. The relation between interfacial interaction and mechanical properties of the composites was analysed by the equation developed earlier to describe the composition dependence of the tensile yield stress. The characteristics of the interphase were calculated, its yield stress decreases and thickness increases with increasing surface coverage. Reversible work of adhesion can be successfully related to the tensile yield stress, but a more complicated correlation exists between the thickness of the interphase and the strength of the interaction than assumed earlier. Other mechanical properties also change with the surface treatment; modulus and strength decrease and extensibility increases with decreasing polymer/filler interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-186
Number of pages22
JournalMacromolecular Symposia
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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