Surface composition of Ru containing duplex stainless steel after passivation in non-oxidizing media

G. Myburg, K. Varga, W. O. Barnard, P. Baradlai, L. Tomcsányi, J. H. Potgieter, C. W. Louw, M. J. Van Staden

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Abstract

In this paper, results obtained by surface analysis (Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)) studies performed on the passive layers that formed spontaneously on duplex stainless steels (DSSs) and Ru containing (0.3%) duplex stainless steel (DSS:Ru) in HCl and H 2 SO 4 solutions are presented in order to explain the roles of the different alloying elements in the passivation process. From the AES studies, it followed that the Cr concentrations were slightly higher (about 3%) in the passive layers of both materials, compared to their bulk concentrations, whereas the Ni concentrations were reduced to less than half their bulk concentrations at the outer surfaces of the passive layers, with an increasing concentration gradient towards the bulk of the material. Enrichment of Mo at outer surface of the passive layer was only observed in the case of the DSS:Ru samples which were passivated in HCl. The XPS results indicated that the passive layer on the DSS:Ru samples contained more Cr 2 O 3 and Fe 2+ than Cr(OH) 3 and Fe 3+ , respectively, in the passive layer, compared to the DSS samples without Ru.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume136
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • Corrosion
  • Ruthenium
  • Stainless steel
  • Surface passivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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    Myburg, G., Varga, K., Barnard, W. O., Baradlai, P., Tomcsányi, L., Potgieter, J. H., Louw, C. W., & Van Staden, M. J. (1998). Surface composition of Ru containing duplex stainless steel after passivation in non-oxidizing media. Applied Surface Science, 136(1-2), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(98)00326-2